Updated net/dnsmasq to 2.76
Include 0.0.0.0/8 in DNS rebind checks. This range
translates to hosts on the local network, or, at
least, 0.0.0.0 accesses the local host, so could
be targets for DNS rebinding. See RFC 5735 section 3
for details. Thanks to Stephen R旦ttger for the bug report.
Enhance --add-subnet to allow arbitrary subnet addresses.
Thanks to Ed Barsley for the patch.
Respect the --no-resolv flag in inotify code. Fixes bug
which caused dnsmasq to fail to start if a resolv-file
was a dangling symbolic link, even of --no-resolv set.
Thanks to Alexander Kurtz for spotting the problem.
Fix crash when an A or AAAA record is defined locally,
in a hosts file, and an upstream server sends a reply
that the same name is empty. Thanks to Edwin T旦r旦k for
Fix failure to correctly calculate cache-size when
reading a hosts-file fails. Thanks to Andr辿 Gl端pker
for the patch.
Fix wrong answer to simple name query when --domain-needed
set, but no upstream servers configured. Dnsmasq returned
REFUSED, in this case, when it should be the same as when
upstream servers are configured - NOERROR. Thanks to
Allain Legacy for spotting the problem.
Return REFUSED when running out of forwarding table slots,
Add --max-port configuration. Thanks to Hans Dedecker for
Add --script-arp and two new functions for the dhcp-script.
These are "arp" and "arp-old" which announce the arrival and
removal of entries in the ARP or nieghbour tables.
Extend --add-mac to allow a new encoding of the MAC address
as base64, by configurting --add-mac=base64
Add --add-cpe-id option.
Don't crash with divide-by-zero if an IPv6 dhcp-range
is declared as a whole /64.
(ie xx::0 to xx::ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff)
Thanks to Laurent Bendel for spotting this problem.
Add support for a TTL parameter in --host-record and
Add --dhcp-ttl option.
Add --tftp-mtu option. Thanks to Patrick McLean for the
Check return-code of inet_pton() when parsing dhcp-option.
Bad addresses could fail to generate errors and result in
garbage dhcp-options being sent. Thanks to Marc Branchaud
for spotting this.
Fix wrong value for EDNS UDP packet size when using
--servers-file to define upstream DNS servers. Thanks to
Scott Bonar for the bug report.
Move the dhcp_release and dhcp_lease_time tools from
contrib/wrt to contrib/lease-tools.
Add dhcp_release6 to contrib/lease-tools. Many thanks
to Sergey Nechaev for this code.
To avoid filling logs in configurations which define
many upstream nameservers, don't log more that 30 servers.
The number to be logged can be changed as SERVERS_LOGGED
Swap the values if BC_EFI and x86-64_EFI in --pxe-service.
These were previously wrong due to an error in RFC 4578.
If you're using BC_EFI to boot 64-bit EFI machines, you
will need to update your config.
Add ARM32_EFI and ARM64_EFI as valid architectures in
Fix PXE booting for UEFI architectures. Modify PXE boot
sequence in this case to force the client to talk to dnsmasq
over port 4011. This makes PXE and especially proxy-DHCP PXE
work with these archictectures.
Workaround problems with UEFI PXE clients. There exist
in the wild PXE clients which have problems with PXE
boot menus. To work around this, when there's a single
--pxe-service which applies to client, then that target
will be booted directly, rather then sending a
single-item boot menu.
Many thanks to Jarek Polok, Michael Kuron and Dreamcat4
for their work on the long-standing UEFI PXE problem.
Subtle change in the semantics of "basename" in
--pxe-service. The historical behaviour has always been
that the actual filename downloaded from the TFTP server
is <basename>.<layer> where <layer> is an integer which
corresponds to the layer parameter supplied by the client.
It's not clear what the function of the "layer"
actually is in the PXE protocol, and in practise layer
is always zero, so the filename is <basename>.0
The new behaviour is the same as the old, except when
<basename> includes a file suffix, in which case
the layer suffix is no longer added. This allows
sensible suffices to be used, rather then the
meaningless ".0". Only in the unlikely event that you
have a config with a basename which already has a
suffix, is this an incompatible change, since the file
downloaded will change from name.suffix.0 to justy
Update net/dnsmasq to 2.73.
Fix build on SunOS.
Fix crash at startup when an empty suffix is supplied to
--conf-dir, also trivial memory leak. Thanks to
Tomas Hozza for spotting this.
Remove floor of 4096 on advertised EDNS0 packet size when
DNSSEC in use, the original rationale for this has long gone.
Thanks to Anders Kaseorg for spotting this.
Use inotify for checking on updates to /etc/resolv.conf and
friends under Linux. This fixes race conditions when the files are
updated rapidly and saves CPU by noy polling. To build
a binary that runs on old Linux kernels without inotify,
use make COPTS=-DNO_INOTIFY
Fix breakage of --domain=<domain>,<subnet>,local - only reverse
queries were intercepted. THis appears to have been broken
since 2.69. Thanks to Josh Stone for finding the bug.
Eliminate IPv6 privacy addresses and deprecated addresses from
the answers given by --interface-name. Note that reverse queries
(ie looking for names, given addresses) are not affected.
Thanks to Michael Gorbach for the suggestion.
Fix crash in DNSSEC code with long RRs. Thanks to Marco Davids
for the bug report.
Add --ignore-address option. Ignore replies to A-record
queries which include the specified address. No error is
generated, dnsmasq simply continues to listen for another
reply. This is useful to defeat blocking strategies which
rely on quickly supplying a forged answer to a DNS
request for certain domains, before the correct answer can
arrive. Thanks to Glen Huang for the patch.
Revisit the part of DNSSEC validation which determines if an
unsigned answer is legit, or is in some part of the DNS
tree which should be signed. Dnsmasq now works from the
DNS root downward looking for the limit of signed
delegations, rather than working bottom up. This is
both more correct, and less likely to trip over broken
nameservers in the unsigned parts of the DNS tree
which don't respond well to DNSSEC queries.
Add --log-queries=extra option, which makes logs easier
to search automatically.
Add --min-cache-ttl option. I've resisted this for a long
time, on the grounds that disbelieving TTLs is never a
good idea, but I've been persuaded that there are
sometimes reasons to do it. (Step forward, GFW).
To avoid misuse, there's a hard limit on the TTL
floor of one hour. Thansk to RinSatsuki for the patch.
Cope with multiple interfaces with the same link-local
address. (IPv6 addresses are scoped, so this is allowed.)
Thanks to Cory Benfield for help with this.
Add --dhcp-hostsdir. This allows addition of new host
configurations to a running dnsmasq instance much more
cheaply than having dnsmasq re-read all its existing
configuration each time.
Don't reply to DHCPv6 SOLICIT messages if we're not
configured to do stateful DHCPv6. Thanks to Win King Wan
for the patch.
Fix broken DNSSEC validation of ECDSA signatures.
Add --dnssec-timestamp option, which provides an automatic
way to detect when the system time becomes valid after
boot on systems without an RTC, whilst allowing DNS
queries before the clock is valid so that NTP can run.
Thanks to Kevin Darbyshire-Bryant for developing this idea.
Add --tftp-no-fail option. Thanks to Stefan Tomanek for
Fix crash caused by looking up servers.bind, CHAOS text
record, when more than about five --servers= lines are
in the dnsmasq config. This causes memory corruption
which causes a crash later. Thanks to Matt Coddington for
sterling work chasing this down.
Fix crash on receipt of certain malformed DNS requests.
Thanks to Nick Sampanis for spotting the problem.
Note that this is could allow the dnsmasq process's
memory to be read by an attacker under certain
circumstances, so it has a CVE, CVE-2015-3294
Fix crash in authoritative DNS code, if a .arpa zone
is declared as authoritative, and then a PTR query which
is not to be treated as authoritative arrived. Normally,
directly declaring .arpa zone as authoritative is not
done, so this crash wouldn't be seen. Instead the
relevant .arpa zone should be specified as a subnet
in the auth-zone declaration. Thanks to Johnny S. Lee
for the bugreport and initial patch.
Fix authoritative DNS code to correctly reply to NS
and SOA queries for .arpa zones for which we are
declared authoritative by means of a subnet in auth-zone.
Previously we provided correct answers to PTR queries
in such zones (including NS and SOA) but not direct
NS and SOA queries. Thanks to Johnny S. Lee for
pointing out the problem.
Fix logging of DHCPREPLY which should be suppressed
by quiet-dhcp6. Thanks to J. Pablo Abonia for
spotting the problem.
Try and handle net connections with broken fragmentation
that lose large UDP packets. If a server times out,
reduce the maximum UDP packet size field in the EDNS0
header to 1280 bytes. If it then answers, make that
Check IPv4-mapped IPv6 addresses when --stop-rebind
is active. Thanks to Jordan Milne for spotting this.
Allow DHCPv4 options T1 and T2 to be set using --dhcp-option.
Thanks to Kevin Benton for patches and work on this.
Fix code for DHCPCONFIRM DHCPv6 messages to confirm addresses
in the correct subnet, even of not in dynamic address
allocation range. Thanks to Steve Hirsch for spotting
Add AddDhcpLease and DeleteDhcpLease DBus methods. Thanks
to Nicolas Cavallari for the patch.
Allow configuration of router advertisements without the
"on-link" bit set. Thanks to Neil Jerram for the patch.
Extend --bridge-interface to DHCPv6 and router
advertisements. Thanks to Neil Jerram for the patch.
Update 2.67 to 2.72
Add ra-advrouter mode, for RFC-3775 mobile IPv6 support.
Add support for "ipsets" in *BSD, using pf. Thanks to
Sven Falempim for the patch.
Fix race condition which could lock up dnsmasq when an
interface goes down and up rapidly. Thanks to Conrad
Kostecki for helping to chase this down.
Add DBus methods SetFilterWin2KOption and SetBogusPrivOption
Thanks to the Smoothwall project for the patch.
Fix failure to build against Nettle-3.0. Thanks to Steven
Barth for spotting this and finding the fix.
When assigning existing DHCP leases to intefaces by comparing
networks, handle the case that two or more interfaces have the
same network part, but different prefix lengths (favour the
longer prefix length.) Thanks to Lung-Pin Chang for the
Add a mode which detects and removes DNS forwarding loops, ie
a query sent to an upstream server returns as a new query to
dnsmasq, and would therefore be forwarded again, resulting in
a query which loops many times before being dropped. Upstream
servers which loop back are disabled and this event is logged.
Thanks to Smoothwall for their sponsorship of this feature.
Extend --conf-dir to allow filtering of files. So
will load all the files in /etc/dnsmasq.d which end in .conf
Fix bug when resulted in NXDOMAIN answers instead of NODATA in
Fix bug which caused dnsmasq to become unresponsive if it
failed to send packets due to a network interface disappearing.
Thanks to Niels Peen for spotting this.
Fix problem with --local-service option on big-endian platforms
Thanks to Richard Genoud for the patch.
Subtle change to error handling to help DNSSEC validation
when servers fail to provide NODATA answers for
non-existent DS records.
Tweak code which removes DNSSEC records from answers when
not required. Fixes broken answers when additional section
has real records in it. Thanks to Marco Davids for the bug
Fix DNSSEC validation of ANY queries. Thanks to Marco Davids
for spotting that too.
Fix total DNS failure and 100% CPU use if cachesize set to zero,
regression introduced in 2.69. Thanks to James Hunt and
the Ubuntu crowd for assistance in fixing this.
Fix crash, introduced in 2.69, on TCP request when dnsmasq
compiled with DNSSEC support, but running without DNSSEC
enabled. Thanks to Manish Sing for spotting that one.
Fix regression which broke ipset functionality. Thanks to
Wang Jian for the bug report.
Implement dynamic interface discovery on *BSD. This allows
the contructor: syntax to be used in dhcp-range for DHCPv6
on the BSD platform. Thanks to Matthias Andree for
valuable research on how to implement this.
Fix infinite loop associated with some --bogus-nxdomain
configs. Thanks fogobogo for the bug report.
Fix missing RA RDNS option with configuration like
--dhcp-option=option6:23,[::] Thanks to Tsachi Kimeldorfer
for spotting the problem.
Add [fd00::] and [fe80::] as special addresses in DHCPv6
options, analogous to [::]. [fd00::] is replaced with the
actual ULA of the interface on the machine running
dnsmasq, [fe80::] with the link-local address.
Thanks to Tsachi Kimeldorfer for championing this.
DNSSEC validation and caching. Dnsmasq needs to be
compiled with this enabled, with
make dnsmasq COPTS=-DHAVE_DNSSEC
this add dependencies on the nettle crypto library and the
gmp maths library. It's possible to have these linked
make dnsmasq COPTS='-DHAVE_DNSSEC -DHAVE_DNSSEC_STATIC'
which bloats the dnsmasq binary, but saves the size of
the shared libraries which are much bigger.
To enable, DNSSEC, you will need a set of
trust-anchors. Now that the TLDs are signed, this can be
the keys for the root zone, and for convenience they are
included in trust-anchors.conf in the dnsmasq
distribution. You should of course check that these are
legitimate and up-to-date. So, adding
to your config is all thats needed to get things
working. The upstream nameservers have to be DNSSEC-capable
too, of course. Many ISP nameservers aren't, but the
Google public nameservers (18.104.22.168 and 22.214.171.124) are.
When DNSSEC is configured, dnsmasq validates any queries
for domains which are signed. Query results which are
bogus are replaced with SERVFAIL replies, and results
which are correctly signed have the AD bit set. In
addition, and just as importantly, dnsmasq supplies
correct DNSSEC information to clients which are doing
their own validation, and caches DNSKEY, DS and RRSIG
records, which significantly improve the performance of
downstream validators. Setting --log-queries will show
DNSSEC in action.
If a domain is returned from an upstream nameserver without
DNSSEC signature, dnsmasq by default trusts this. This
means that for unsigned zone (still the majority) there
is effectively no cost for having DNSSEC enabled. Of course
this allows an attacker to replace a signed record with a
false unsigned record. This is addressed by the
--dnssec-check-unsigned flag, which instructs dnsmasq
to prove that an unsigned record is legitimate, by finding
a secure proof that the zone containing the record is not
signed. Doing this has costs (typically one or two extra
upstream queries). It also has a nasty failure mode if
dnsmasq's upstream nameservers are not DNSSEC capable.
Without --dnssec-check-unsigned using such an upstream
server will simply result in not queries being validated;
with --dnssec-check-unsigned enabled and a
DNSSEC-ignorant upstream server, _all_ queries will fail.
Note that DNSSEC requires that the local time is valid and
accurate, if not then DNSSEC validation will fail. NTP
should be running. This presents a problem for routers
without a battery-backed clock. To set the time needs NTP
to do DNS lookups, but lookups will fail until NTP has run.
To address this, there's a flag, --dnssec-no-timecheck
which disables the time checks (only) in DNSSEC. When dnsmasq
is started and the clock is not synced, this flag should
be used. As soon as the clock is synced, SIGHUP dnsmasq.
The SIGHUP clears the cache of partially-validated data and
resets the no-timecheck flag, so that all DNSSEC checks
henceforward will be complete.
The development of DNSSEC in dnsmasq was started by
Giovanni Bajo, to whom huge thanks are owed. It has been
supported by Comcast, whose techfund grant has allowed for
an invaluable period of full-time work to get it to
a workable state.
Add --rev-server. Thanks to Dave Taht for suggesting this.
Add --servers-file. Allows dynamic update of upstream servers
full access to configuration.
Add --local-service. Accept DNS queries only from hosts
whose address is on a local subnet, ie a subnet for which
an interface exists on the server. This option
only has effect if there are no --interface --except-interface,
--listen-address or --auth-server options. It is intended
to be set as a default on installation, to allow
unconfigured installations to be useful but also safe from
being used for DNS amplification attacks.
Fix crashes in cache_get_cname_target() when dangling CNAMEs
encountered. Thanks to Andy and the rt-n56u project for
find this and helping to chase it down.
Fix wrong RCODE in authoritative DNS replies to PTR queries. The
correct answer was included, but the RCODE was set to NXDOMAIN.
Thanks to Craig McQueen for spotting this.
Make statistics available as DNS queries in the .bind TLD as
well as logging them.
Use random addresses for DHCPv6 temporary address
allocations, instead of algorithmically determined stable
Fix bug which meant that the DHCPv6 DUID was not available
in DHCP script runs during the lifetime of the dnsmasq
process which created the DUID de-novo. Once the DUID was
created and stored in the lease file and dnsmasq
restarted, this bug disappeared.
Fix bug introduced in 2.67 which could result in erroneous
NXDOMAIN returns to CNAME queries.
Fix build failures on MacOS X and openBSD.
Allow subnet specifications in --auth-zone to be interface
names as well as address literals. This makes it possible
to configure authoritative DNS when local address ranges
are dynamic and works much better than the previous
work-around which exempted contructed DHCP ranges from the
IP address filtering. As a consequence, that work-around
is removed. Under certain circumstances, this change wil
break existing configuration: if you're relying on the
contructed-range exception, you need to change --auth-zone
to specify the same interface as is used to construct your
DHCP ranges, probably with a trailing "/6" like this:
--auth-zone=example.com,eth0/6 to limit the addresses to
IPv6 addresses of eth0.
Fix problems when advertising deleted IPv6 prefixes. If
the prefix is deleted (rather than replaced), it doesn't
get advertised with zero preferred time. Thanks to Tsachi
for the bug report.
Fix segfault with some locally configured CNAMEs. Thanks
to Andrew Childs for spotting the problem.
Fix memory leak on re-reading /etc/hosts and friends,
introduced in 2.67.
Check the arrival interface of incoming DNS and TFTP
requests via IPv6, even in --bind-interfaces mode. This
isn't possible for IPv4 and can generate scary warnings,
but as it's always possible for IPv6 (the API always
exists) then we should do it always.
Tweak the rules on prefix-lengths in --dhcp-range for
IPv6. The new rule is that the specified prefix length
must be larger than or equal to the prefix length of the
corresponding address on the local interface.