./devel/git-docs, GIT Tree History Storage Tool (documentation)

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Branch: CURRENT, Version: 2.28.0nb1, Package name: git-docs-2.28.0nb1, Maintainer: pkgsrc-users

This package installs documentation for the GIT distributed version control

Required to build:
[textproc/xmlto] [textproc/asciidoc] [pkgtools/cwrappers]

Master sites:

SHA1: 29a70cd3e7bccbbc4233e9c948b036e0b7b6d46a
RMD160: e67938072b14b8be06e562666a66a1a5d659fbb9
Filesize: 5974.227 KB

Version history: (Expand)

CVS history: (Expand)

   2020-08-31 20:13:29 by Thomas Klausner | Files touched by this commit (3631) | Package updated
Log message:
*: bump PKGREVISION for perl-5.32.
   2020-06-03 16:06:48 by Adam Ciarcinski | Files touched by this commit (6) | Package updated
Log message:
git: updated to 2.27.0

Git 2.27 Release Notes

Updates since v2.26

Backward compatibility notes

 * When "git describe C" finds that commit C is pointed by a signed or
   annotated tag, which records T as its tagname in the object, the
   command gives T as its answer.  Even if the user renames or moves
   such a tag from its natural location in the "refs/tags/" hierarchy,
   "git describe C" would still give T as the answer, but in such a
   case "git show T^0" would no longer work as expected.  There may be
   nothing at "refs/tags/T" or even worse there may be a different tag

   Starting from this version, "git describe" will always use the
   "long" version, as if the "--long" option were given, \ 
when giving
   its output based on such a misplaced tag to work around the problem.

 * "git pull" issues a warning message until the pull.rebase
   configuration variable is explicitly given, which some existing
   users may find annoying---those who prefer not to rebase need to
   set the variable to false to squelch the warning.

 * The transport protocol version 2, which was promoted to the default
   in Git 2.26 release, turned out to have some remaining rough edges,
   so it has been demoted from the default.

UI, Workflows & Features

 * A handful of options to configure SSL when talking to proxies have
   been added.

 * Smudge/clean conversion filters are now given more information
   (e.g. the object of the tree-ish in which the blob being converted
   appears, in addition to its path, which has already been given).

 * When "git describe C" finds an annotated tag with tagname A to be
   the best name to explain commit C, and the tag is stored in a
   "wrong" place in the refs/tags hierarchy, e.g. refs/tags/B, the
   command gave a warning message but used A (not B) to describe C.
   If C is exactly at the tag, the describe output would be "A", but
   "git rev-parse A^0" would not be equal as "git rev-parse \ 
C^0".  The
   behavior of the command has been changed to use the "long" form
   i.e. A-0-gOBJECTNAME, which is correctly interpreted by rev-parse.

 * "git pull" learned to warn when no pull.rebase configuration
   exists, and neither --[no-]rebase nor --ff-only is given (which
   would result a merge).

 * "git p4" learned four new hooks and also "--no-verify" \ 
option to
   bypass them (and the existing "p4-pre-submit" hook).

 * "git pull" shares many options with underlying "git \ 
fetch", but
   some of them were not documented and some of those that would make
   sense to pass down were not passed down.

 * "git rebase" learned the "--no-gpg-sign" option to countermand
   commit.gpgSign the user may have.

 * The output from "git format-patch" uses RFC 2047 encoding for
   non-ASCII letters on From: and Subject: headers, so that it can
   directly be fed to e-mail programs.  A new option has been added
   to produce these headers in raw.

 * "git log" learned "--show-pulls" that helps pathspec limited
   history views; a merge commit that takes the whole change from a
   side branch, which is normally omitted from the output, is shown
   in addition to the commits that introduce real changes.

 * The interactive input from various codepaths are consolidated and
   any prompt possibly issued earlier are fflush()ed before we read.

 * Allow "git rebase" to reapply all local commits, even if the may be
   already in the upstream, without checking first.

 * The 'pack.useSparse' configuration variable now defaults to 'true',
   enabling an optimization that has been experimental since Git 2.21.

 * "git rebase" happens to call some hooks meant for \ 
"checkout" and
   "commit" by this was not a designed behaviour than historical
   accident.  This has been documented.

 * "git merge" learns the "--autostash" option.

 * "sparse-checkout" UI improvements.

 * "git update-ref --stdin" learned a handful of new verbs to let the
   user control ref update transactions more explicitly, which helps
   as an ingredient to implement two-phase commit-style atomic
   ref-updates across multiple repositories.

 * "git commit-graph write" learned different ways to write out split

 * Introduce an extension to the commit-graph to make it efficient to
   check for the paths that were modified at each commit using Bloom

 * The approxidate parser learns to parse seconds with fraction and
   ignore fractional part.

 * The userdiff patterns for Markdown documents have been added.

 * The sparse-checkout patterns have been forbidden from excluding all
   paths, leaving an empty working tree, for a long time.  This
   limitation has been lifted.

 * "git restore --staged --worktree" now defaults to take the contents
   out of "HEAD", instead of erring out.

 * "git p4" learned to recover from a (broken) state where a directory
   and a file are recorded at the same path in the Perforce repository
   the same way as their clients do.

 * "git multi-pack-index repack" has been taught to honor some
   repack.* configuration variables.

Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.

 * The advise API has been revamped to allow more systematic enumeration of
   advice knobs in the future.

 * SHA-256 transition continues.

 * The code to interface with GnuPG has been refactored.

 * "git stash" has kept an escape hatch to use the scripted version
   for a few releases, which got stale.  It has been removed.

 * Enable tests that require GnuPG on Windows.

 * Minor test usability improvement.

 * Trace2 enhancement to allow logging of the environment variables.

 * Test clean-up continues.

 * Perf-test update.

 * A Windows-specific test element has been made more robust against
   misuse from both user's environment and programmer's errors.

 * Various tests have been updated to work around issues found with
   shell utilities that come with busybox etc.

 * The config API made mixed uses of int and size_t types to represent
   length of various pieces of text it parsed, which has been updated
   to use the correct type (i.e. size_t) throughout.

 * The "--decorate-refs" and "--decorate-refs-exclude" \ 
options "git
   log" takes have learned a companion configuration variable
   log.excludeDecoration that sits at the lowest priority in the

 * A new CI job to build and run test suite on linux with musl libc
   has been added.

 * Update the CI configuration to use GitHub Actions, retiring the one
   based on Azure Pipelines.

 * The directory traversal code had redundant recursive calls which
   made its performance characteristics exponential with respect to
   the depth of the tree, which was corrected.

 * "git blame" learns to take advantage of the \ 
"changed-paths" Bloom
   filter stored in the commit-graph file.

 * The "bugreport" tool has been added.

 * The object walk with object filter "--filter=tree:0" can now take
   advantage of the pack bitmap when available.

 * Instead of always building all branches at GitHub via Actions,
   users can specify which branches to build.

 * Codepaths that show progress meter have been taught to also use the
   start_progress() and the stop_progress() calls as a "region" to be

 * Instead of downloading Windows SDK for CI jobs for windows builds
   from an external site (wingit.blob.core.windows.net), use the one
   created in the windows-build job, to work around quota issues at
   the external site.
   2020-01-20 21:07:41 by Adam Ciarcinski | Files touched by this commit (6) | Package updated
Log message:
git: updated to 2.25.0

Git 2.25 Release Notes

Updates since v2.24

Backward compatibility notes

UI, Workflows & Features

 * A tutorial on object enumeration has been added.

 * The branch description ("git branch --edit-description") has been
   used to fill the body of the cover letters by the format-patch
   command; this has been enhanced so that the subject can also be

 * "git rebase --preserve-merges" has been marked as deprecated; this
   release stops advertising it in the "git rebase -h" output.

 * The code to generate multi-pack index learned to show (or not to
   show) progress indicators.

 * "git apply --3way" learned to honor merge.conflictStyle
   configuration variable, like merges would.

 * The custom format for "git log --format=<format>" learned the l/L
   placeholder that is similar to e/E that fills in the e-mail
   address, but only the local part on the left side of '@'.

 * Documentation pages for "git shortlog" now list commit limiting
   options explicitly.

 * The patterns to detect function boundary for Elixir language has
   been added.

 * The completion script (in contrib/) learned that the "--onto"
   option of "git rebase" can take its argument as the value of the

 * The userdiff machinery has been taught that "async def" is another
   way to begin a "function" in Python.

 * "git range-diff" learned to take the \ 
"--notes=<ref>" and the
   "--no-notes" options to control the commit notes included in the
   log message that gets compared.

 * "git rev-parse --show-toplevel" run outside of any working tree did
   not error out, which has been corrected.

 * A few commands learned to take the pathspec from the standard input
   or a named file, instead of taking it as the command line
   arguments, with the "--pathspec-from-file" option.

 * "git submodule" learned a subcommand "set-url".

 * "git log" family learned "--pretty=reference" that gives \ 
the name
   of a commit in the format that is often used to refer to it in log

 * The interaction between "git clone --recurse-submodules" and
   alternate object store was ill-designed.  The documentation and
   code have been taught to make more clear recommendations when the
   users see failures.

 * Management of sparsely checked-out working tree has gained a
   dedicated "sparse-checkout" command.

 * Miscellaneous small UX improvements on "git-p4".

 * "git sparse-checkout list" subcommand learned to give its output in
   a more concise form when the "cone" mode is in effect.

Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.

 * Debugging support for lazy cloning has been a bit improved.

 * Move the definition of a set of bitmask constants from 0ctal
   literal to (1U<<count) notation.

 * Test updates to prepare for SHA-2 transition continues.

 * Crufty code and logic accumulated over time around the object
   parsing and low-level object access used in "git fsck" have been
   cleaned up.

 * The implementation of "git log --graph" got refactored and then its
   output got simplified.

 * Follow recent push to move API docs from Documentation/ to header
   files and update config.h

 * "git bundle" has been taught to use the parse options API.  "git
   bundle verify" learned "--quiet" and "git bundle \ 
create" learned
   options to control the progress output.

 * Handling of commit objects that use non UTF-8 encoding during
   "rebase -i" has been improved.

 * The beginning of rewriting "git add -i" in C.

 * A label used in the todo list that are generated by "git rebase
   --rebase-merges" is used as a part of a refname; the logic to come
   up with the label has been tightened to avoid names that cannot be
   used as such.

 * The logic to avoid duplicate label names generated by "git rebase
   --rebase-merges" forgot that the machinery itself uses "onto" as a
   label name, which must be avoided by auto-generated labels, which
   has been corrected.

 * We have had compatibility fallback macro definitions for "PRIuMAX",
   "PRIu32", etc. but did not for "PRIdMAX", while the code \ 
used the
   last one apparently without any hiccup reported recently.  The
   fallback macro definitions for these <inttypes.h> macros that must
   appear in C99 systems have been removed.

 * Recently we have declared that GIT_TEST_* variables take the
   usual boolean values (it used to be that some used "non-empty
   means true" and taking GIT_TEST_VAR=YesPlease as true); make
   sure we notice and fail when non-bool strings are given to
   these variables.

 * Users of oneway_merge() (like "reset --hard") learned to take
   advantage of fsmonitor to avoid unnecessary lstat(2) calls.

 * Performance tweak on "git push" into a repository with many refs
   that point at objects we have never heard of.

 * PerfTest fix to avoid stale result mixed up with the latest round
   of test results.

 * Hide lower-level verify_signed-buffer() API as a pure helper to
   implement the public check_signature() function, in order to
   encourage new callers to use the correct and more strict

 * Unnecessary reading of state variables back from the disk during
   sequencer operation has been reduced.

 * The code has been made to avoid gmtime() and localtime() and prefer
   their reentrant counterparts.

 * In a repository with many packfiles, the cost of the procedure that
   avoids registering the same packfile twice was unnecessarily high
   by using an inefficient search algorithm, which has been corrected.

 * Redo "git name-rev" to avoid recursive calls.

 * FreeBSD CI support via Cirrus-CI has been added.

Fixes since v2.24

 * "rebase -i" ceased to run post-commit hook by mistake in an earlier
   update, which has been corrected.

 * "git notes copy $original" ought to copy the notes attached to the
   original object to HEAD, but a mistaken tightening to command line
   parameter validation made earlier disabled that feature by mistake.

 * When all files from some subdirectory were renamed to the root
   directory, the directory rename heuristics would fail to detect that
   as a rename/merge of the subdirectory to the root directory, which has
   been corrected.

 * Code clean-up and a bugfix in the logic used to tell worktree local
   and repository global refs apart.

 * "git stash save" in a working tree that is sparsely checked out
   mistakenly removed paths that are outside the area of interest.

 * "git rev-parse --git-path HEAD.lock" did not give the right path
   when run in a secondary worktree.

 * "git merge --no-commit" needs "--no-ff" if you do not \ 
want to move
   HEAD, which has been corrected in the manual page for "git bisect".

 * "git worktree add" internally calls "reset --hard" that \ 
should not
   descend into submodules, even when submodule.recurse configuration
   is set, but it was affected.  This has been corrected.

 * Messages from die() etc. can be mixed up from multiple processes
   without even line buffering on Windows, which has been worked

 * HTTP transport had possible allocator/deallocator mismatch, which
   has been corrected.

 * The watchman integration for fsmonitor was racy, which has been
   corrected to be more conservative.

 * Fetching from multiple remotes into the same repository in parallel
   had a bad interaction with the recent change to (optionally) update
   the commit-graph after a fetch job finishes, as these parallel
   fetches compete with each other.  Which has been corrected.

 * Recent update to "git stash pop" made the command empty the index
   when run with the "--quiet" option, which has been corrected.

 * "git fetch" codepath had a big "do not lazily fetch missing objects
   when I ask if something exists" switch.  This has been corrected by
   marking the "does this thing exist?" calls with "if not please \ 
do not
   lazily fetch it" flag.

 * Test update to avoid wasted cycles.

 * Error handling after "git push" finishes sending the packdata and
   waits for the response to the remote side has been improved.

 * Some codepaths in "gitweb" that forgot to escape URLs generated
   based on end-user input have been corrected.

 * CI jobs for macOS has been made less chatty when updating perforce
   package used during testing.

 * "git unpack-objects" used to show progress based only on the number
   of received and unpacked objects, which stalled when it has to
   handle an unusually large object.  It now shows the throughput as

 * The sequencer machinery compared the HEAD and the state it is
   attempting to commit to decide if the result would be a no-op
   commit, even when amending a commit, which was incorrect, and
   has been corrected.

 * The code to parse GPG output used to assume incorrectly that the
   finterprint for the primary key would always be present for a valid
   signature, which has been corrected.

 * "git submodule status" and "git submodule status \ 
--cached" show
   different things, but the documentation did not cover them
   correctly, which has been corrected.

 * "git reset --patch $object" without any pathspec should allow a
   tree object to be given, but incorrectly required a committish,
   which has been corrected.

 * "git submodule status" that is run from a subdirectory of the
   superproject did not work well, which has been corrected.

 * The revision walking machinery uses resources like per-object flag
   bits that need to be reset before a new iteration of walking
   begins, but the resources related to topological walk were not
   cleared correctly, which has been corrected.

 * TravisCI update.

 * While running "revert" or "cherry-pick --edit" for multiple
   commits, a recent regression incorrectly detected "nothing to
   commit, working tree clean", instead of replaying the commits,
   which has been corrected.

 * Work around a issue where a FD that is left open when spawning a
   child process and is kept open in the child can interfere with the
   operation in the parent process on Windows.

 * One kind of progress messages were always given during commit-graph
   generation, instead of following the "if it takes more than two
   seconds, show progress" pattern, which has been corrected.

 * "git rebase" did not work well when format.useAutoBase
   configuration variable is set, which has been corrected.

 * The "diff" machinery learned not to lose added/removed blank lines
   in the context when --ignore-blank-lines and --function-context are
   used at the same time.

 * The test on "fast-import" used to get stuck when \ 
"fast-import" died
   in the middle.

 * "git format-patch" can take a set of configured format.notes values
   to specify which notes refs to use in the log message part of the
   output.  The behaviour of this was not consistent with multiple
   --notes command line options, which has been corrected.

 * "git p4" used to ignore lfs.storage configuration variable, which
   has been corrected.

 * Assorted fixes to the directory traversal API.

 * Forbid pathnames that the platform's filesystem cannot represent on

 * "git rebase --signoff" stopped working when the command was written
   in C, which has been corrected.

 * An earlier update to Git for Windows declared that a tree object is
   invalid if it has a path component with backslash in it, which was
   overly strict, which has been corrected.  The only protection the
   Windows users need is to prevent such path (or any path that their
   filesystem cannot check out) from entering the index.

 * The code to write split commit-graph file(s) upon fetching computed
   bogus value for the parameter used in splitting the resulting
   files, which has been corrected.

 * Other code cleanup, docfix, build fix, etc.
   2019-11-03 11:39:32 by Roland Illig | Files touched by this commit (274)
Log message:
devel: align variable assignments

pkglint -Wall -F --only aligned --only indent -r

No manual corrections.
   2019-08-20 15:00:02 by Adam Ciarcinski | Files touched by this commit (9) | Package updated
Log message:
git: updated to 2.23.0

Git 2.23 Release Notes

Updates since v2.22

Backward compatibility note

 * The "--base" option of "format-patch" computed the \ 
patch-ids for
   prerequisite patches in an unstable way, which has been updated to
   compute in a way that is compatible with "git patch-id --stable".

 * The "git log" command by default behaves as if the --mailmap option
   was given.

UI, Workflows & Features

 * The "git fast-export/import" pair has been taught to handle commits
   with log messages in encoding other than UTF-8 better.

 * In recent versions of Git, per-worktree refs are exposed in
   refs/worktrees/<wtname>/ hierarchy, which means that worktree names
   must be a valid refname component.  The code now sanitizes the names
   given to worktrees, to make sure these refs are well-formed.

 * "git merge" learned "--quit" option that cleans up the \ 
   merge while leaving the working tree and the index still in a mess.

 * "git format-patch" learns a configuration to set the default for
   its --notes=<ref> option.

 * The code to show args with potential typo that cannot be
   interpreted as a commit-ish has been improved.

 * "git clone --recurse-submodules" learned to set up the submodules
   to ignore commit object names recorded in the superproject gitlink
   and instead use the commits that happen to be at the tip of the
   remote-tracking branches from the get-go, by passing the new
   "--remote-submodules" option.

 * The pattern "git diff/grep" use to extract funcname and words
   boundary for Matlab has been extend to cover Octave, which is more
   or less equivalent.

 * "git help git" was hard to discover (well, at least for some

 * The pattern "git diff/grep" use to extract funcname and words
   boundary for Rust has been added.

 * "git status" can be told a non-standard default value for the
   "--[no-]ahead-behind" option with a new configuration variable

 * "git fetch" and "git pull" reports when a fetch results in
   non-fast-forward updates to let the user notice unusual situation.
   The commands learned "--no-show-forced-updates" option to disable
   this safety feature.

 * Two new commands "git switch" and "git restore" are \ 
introduced to
   split "checking out a branch to work on advancing its history" and
   "checking out paths out of the index and/or a tree-ish to work on
   advancing the current history" out of the single "git checkout"

 * "git branch --list" learned to always output the detached HEAD as
   the first item (when the HEAD is detached, of course), regardless
   of the locale.

 * The conditional inclusion mechanism learned to base the choice on
   the branch the HEAD currently is on.

 * "git rev-list --objects" learned the "--no-object-names" \ 
option to
   squelch the path to the object that is used as a grouping hint for

 * A new tag.gpgSign configuration variable turns "git tag -a" into
   "git tag -s".

 * "git multi-pack-index" learned expire and repack subcommands.

 * "git blame" learned to "ignore" commits in the history, whose
   effects (as well as their presence) get ignored.

 * "git cherry-pick/revert" learned a new "--skip" action.

 * The tips of refs from the alternate object store can be used as
   starting point for reachability computation now.

 * Extra blank lines in "git status" output have been reduced.

 * The commits in a repository can be described by multiple
   commit-graph files now, which allows the commit-graph files to be
   updated incrementally.

 * "git range-diff" output has been tweaked for easier identification
   of which part of what file the patch shown is about.

Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.

 * Update supporting parts of "git rebase" to remove code that should
   no longer be used.

 * Developer support to emulate unsatisfied prerequisites in tests to
   ensure that the remainder of the tests still succeeds when tests
   with prerequisites are skipped.

 * "git update-server-info" learned not to rewrite the file with the
   same contents.

 * The way of specifying the path to find dynamic libraries at runtime
   has been simplified.  The old default to pass -R/path/to/dir has been
   replaced with the new default to pass -Wl,-rpath,/path/to/dir,
   which is the more recent GCC uses.  Those who need to build with an
   old GCC can still use "CC_LD_DYNPATH=-R"

 * Prepare use of reachability index in topological walker that works
   on a range (A..B).

 * A new tutorial targeting specifically aspiring git-core
   developers has been added.

 * Auto-detect how to tell HP-UX aCC where to use dynamically linked
   libraries from at runtime.

 * "git mergetool" and its tests now spawn fewer subprocesses.

 * Dev support update to help tracing out tests.

 * Support to build with MSVC has been updated.

 * "git fetch" that grabs from a group of remotes learned to run the
   auto-gc only once at the very end.

 * A handful of Windows build patches have been upstreamed.

 * The code to read state files used by the sequencer machinery for
   "git status" has been made more robust against a corrupt or stale
   state files.

 * "git for-each-ref" with multiple patterns have been optimized.

 * The tree-walk API learned to pass an in-core repository
   instance throughout more codepaths.

 * When one step in multi step cherry-pick or revert is reset or
   committed, the command line prompt script failed to notice the
   current status, which has been improved.

 * Many GIT_TEST_* environment variables control various aspects of
   how our tests are run, but a few followed "non-empty is true, empty
   or unset is false" while others followed the usual "there are a few
   ways to spell true, like yes, on, etc., and also ways to spell
   false, like no, off, etc." convention.

 * Adjust the dir-iterator API and apply it to the local clone
   optimization codepath.

 * We have been trying out a few language features outside c89; the
   coding guidelines document did not talk about them and instead had
   a blanket ban against them.

 * A test helper has been introduced to optimize preparation of test
   repositories with many simple commits, and a handful of test
   scripts have been updated to use it.

Fixes since v2.22

 * A relative pathname given to "git init --template=<path> \ 
   ought to be relative to the directory "git init" gets invoked in,
   but it instead was made relative to the repository, which has been

 * "git worktree add" used to fail when another worktree connected to
   the same repository was corrupt, which has been corrected.

 * The ownership rule for the file descriptor to fast-import remote
   backend was mixed up, leading to an unrelated file descriptor getting
   closed, which has been fixed.

 * A "merge -c" instruction during "git rebase \ 
--rebase-merges" should
   give the user a chance to edit the log message, even when there is
   otherwise no need to create a new merge and replace the existing
   one (i.e. fast-forward instead), but did not.  Which has been

 * Code cleanup and futureproof.

 * More parameter validation.

 * "git update-server-info" used to leave stale packfiles in its
   output, which has been corrected.

 * The server side support for "git fetch" used to show incorrect
   value for the HEAD symbolic ref when the namespace feature is in
   use, which has been corrected.

 * "git am -i --resolved" segfaulted after trying to see a commit as
   if it were a tree, which has been corrected.

 * "git bundle verify" needs to see if prerequisite objects exist in
   the receiving repository, but the command did not check if we are
   in a repository upfront, which has been corrected.

 * "git merge --squash" is designed to update the working tree and the
   index without creating the commit, and this cannot be countermanded
   by adding the "--commit" option; the command now refuses to work
   when both options are given.

 * The data collected by fsmonitor was not properly written back to
   the on-disk index file, breaking t7519 tests occasionally, which
   has been corrected.

 * Update to Unicode 12.1 width table.

 * The command line to invoke a "git cat-file" command from inside
   "git p4" was not properly quoted to protect a caret and running a
   broken command on Windows, which has been corrected.

 * "git request-pull" learned to warn when the ref we ask them to pull
   from in the local repository and in the published repository are

 * When creating a partial clone, the object filtering criteria is
   recorded for the origin of the clone, but this incorrectly used a
   hardcoded name "origin" to name that remote; it has been corrected
   to honor the "--origin <name>" option.

 * "git fetch" into a lazy clone forgot to fetch base objects that are
   necessary to complete delta in a thin packfile, which has been

 * The filter_data used in the list-objects-filter (which manages a
   lazily sparse clone repository) did not use the dynamic array API
   correctly---'nr' is supposed to point at one past the last element
   of the array in use.  This has been corrected.

 * The description about slashes in gitignore patterns (used to
   indicate things like "anchored to this level only" and "only
   matches directories") has been revamped.

 * The URL decoding code has been updated to avoid going past the end
   of the string while parsing %-<hex>-<hex> sequence.

 * The list of for-each like macros used by clang-format has been

 * "git branch --list" learned to show branches that are checked out
   in other worktrees connected to the same repository prefixed with
   '+', similar to the way the currently checked out branch is shown
   with '*' in front.
   (merge 6e9381469e nb/branch-show-other-worktrees-head later to maint).

 * Code restructuring during 2.20 period broke fetching tags via
   "import" based transports.

 * The commit-graph file is now part of the "files that the runtime
   may keep open file descriptors on, all of which would need to be
   closed when done with the object store", and the file descriptor to
   an existing commit-graph file now is closed before "gc" finalizes a
   new instance to replace it.

 * "git checkout -p" needs to selectively apply a patch in reverse,
   which did not work well.

 * Code clean-up to avoid signed integer wraparounds during binary search.

 * "git interpret-trailers" always treated '#' as the comment
   character, regardless of core.commentChar setting, which has been

 * "git stash show 23" used to work, but no more after getting
   rewritten in C; this regression has been corrected.

 * "git rebase --abort" used to leave refs/rewritten/ when concluding
   "git rebase -r", which has been corrected.

 * An incorrect list of options was cached after command line
   completion failed (e.g. trying to complete a command that requires
   a repository outside one), which has been corrected.

 * The code to parse scaled numbers out of configuration files has
   been made more robust and also easier to follow.

 * The codepath to compute delta islands used to spew progress output
   without giving the callers any way to squelch it, which has been

 * Protocol capabilities that go over wire should never be translated,
   but it was incorrectly marked for translation, which has been
   corrected.  The output of protocol capabilities for debugging has
   been tweaked a bit.

 * Use "Erase in Line" CSI sequence that is already used in the editor
   support to clear cruft in the progress output.

 * "git submodule foreach" did not protect command line options passed
   to the command to be run in each submodule correctly, when the
   "--recursive" option was in use.

 * The configuration variable rebase.rescheduleFailedExec should be
   effective only while running an interactive rebase and should not
   affect anything when running a non-interactive one, which was not
   the case.  This has been corrected.

 * The "git clone" documentation refers to command line options in its
   description in the short form; they have been replaced with long
   forms to make them more recognisable.

 * Generation of pack bitmaps are now disabled when .keep files exist,
   as these are mutually exclusive features.
   (merge 7328482253 ew/repack-with-bitmaps-by-default later to maint).

 * "git rm" to resolve a conflicted path leaked an internal message
   "needs merge" before actually removing the path, which was
   confusing.  This has been corrected.

 * "git stash --keep-index" did not work correctly on paths that have
   been removed, which has been fixed.
   (merge b932f6a5e8 tg/stash-keep-index-with-removed-paths later to maint).

 * Window 7 update ;-)

 * A codepath that reads from GPG for signed object verification read
   past the end of allocated buffer, which has been fixed.

 * "git clean" silently skipped a path when it cannot lstat() it; now
   it gives a warning.

 * "git push --atomic" that goes over the transport-helper (namely,
   the smart http transport) failed to prevent refs to be pushed when
   it can locally tell that one of the ref update will fail without
   having to consult the other end, which has been corrected.

 * The internal diff machinery can be made to read out of bounds while
   looking for --function-context line in a corner case, which has been
   (merge b777f3fd61 jk/xdiff-clamp-funcname-context-index later to maint).

 * Other code cleanup, docfix, build fix, etc.
   (merge fbec05c210 cc/test-oidmap later to maint).
   (merge 7a06fb038c jk/no-system-includes-in-dot-c later to maint).
   (merge 81ed2b405c cb/xdiff-no-system-includes-in-dot-c later to maint).
   (merge d61e6ce1dd sg/fsck-config-in-doc later to maint).
   2019-08-11 15:25:21 by Thomas Klausner | Files touched by this commit (3557) | Package updated
Log message:
Bump PKGREVISIONs for perl 5.30.0
   2019-06-09 18:15:33 by Ryo ONODERA | Files touched by this commit (5) | Package updated
Log message:
Update to 2.22.0

Git 2.22 Release Notes

Updates since v2.21

Backward compatibility note

 * The filter specification "--filter=sparse:path=<path>" used to
   create a lazy/partial clone has been removed.  Using a blob that is
   part of the project as sparse specification is still supported with
   the "--filter=sparse:oid=<blob>" option.

UI, Workflows & Features

 * "git checkout --no-overlay" can be used to trigger a new mode of
   checking out paths out of the tree-ish, that allows paths that
   match the pathspec that are in the current index and working tree
   and are not in the tree-ish.

 * The %(trailers) formatter in "git log --format=..."  now allows to
   optionally pick trailers selectively by keyword, show only values,

 * Four new configuration variables {author,committer}.{name,email}
   have been introduced to override user.{name,email} in more specific

 * Command-line completion (in contrib/) learned to tab-complete the
   "git submodule absorbgitdirs" subcommand.

 * "git branch" learned a new subcommand "--show-current".

 * Output from "diff --cc" did not show the original paths when the
   merge involved renames.  A new option adds the paths in the
   original trees to the output.

 * The command line completion (in contrib/) has been taught to
   complete more subcommand parameters.

 * The final report from "git bisect" used to show the suspected
   culprit using a raw "diff-tree", with which there is no output for
   a merge commit.  This has been updated to use a more modern and
   human readable output that still is concise enough.

 * "git rebase --rebase-merges" replaces its old \ 
   option; the latter is now marked as deprecated.

 * Error message given while cloning with --recurse-submodules has
   been updated.

 * The completion helper code now pays attention to repository-local
   configuration (when available), which allows --list-cmds to honour
   a repository specific setting of completion.commands, for example.

 * "git mergetool" learned to offer Sublime Merge (smerge) as one of
   its backends.

 * A new hook "post-index-change" is called when the on-disk index
   file changes, which can help e.g. a virtualized working tree

 * "git difftool" can now run outside a repository.

 * "git checkout -m <other>" was about carrying the differences
   between HEAD and the working-tree files forward while checking out
   another branch, and ignored the differences between HEAD and the
   index.  The command has been taught to abort when the index and the
   HEAD are different.

 * A progress indicator has been added to the "index-pack" step, which
   often makes users wait for completion during "git clone".

 * "git submodule" learns "set-branch" subcommand that allows the
   submodule.*.branch settings to be modified.

 * "git merge-recursive" backend recently learned a new heuristics to
   infer file movement based on how other files in the same directory
   moved.  As this is inherently less robust heuristics than the one
   based on the content similarity of the file itself (rather than
   based on what its neighbours are doing), it sometimes gives an
   outcome unexpected by the end users.  This has been toned down to
   leave the renamed paths in higher/conflicted stages in the index so
   that the user can examine and confirm the result.

 * "git tag" learned to give an advice suggesting it might be a
   mistake when creating an annotated or signed tag that points at
   another tag.

 * The "git pack-objects" command learned to report the number of
   objects it packed via the trace2 mechanism.

 * The list of conflicted paths shown in the editor while concluding a
   conflicted merge was shown above the scissors line when the
   clean-up mode is set to "scissors", even though it was commented
   out just like the list of updated paths and other information to
   help the user explain the merge better.

 * The trace2 tracing facility learned to auto-generate a filename
   when told to log to a directory.

 * "git clone" learned a new --server-option option when talking over
   the protocol version 2.

 * The connectivity bitmaps are created by default in bare
   repositories now; also the pathname hash-cache is created by
   default to avoid making crappy deltas when repacking.

 * "git branch new A...B" and "git checkout -b new A...B" \ 
have been
   taught that in their contexts, the notation A...B means "the merge
   base between these two commits", just like "git checkout A...B"
   detaches HEAD at that commit.

 * Update "git difftool" and "git mergetool" so that the \ 
   of {diff,merge}.{tool,guitool} configuration variables serve as
   fallback settings of each other in a sensible order.

 * The "--dir-diff" mode of "git difftool" is not useful in \ 
   mode; they are now explicitly marked as mutually incompatible.

Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.

 * The diff machinery, one of the oldest parts of the system, which
   long predates the parse-options API, uses fairly long and complex
   handcrafted option parser.  This is being rewritten to use the
   parse-options API.

 * The implementation of pack-redundant has been updated for
   performance in a repository with many packfiles.

 * A more structured way to obtain execution trace has been added.

 * "git prune" has been taught to take advantage of reachability
   bitmap when able.

 * The command line parser of "git commit-tree" has been rewritten to
   use the parse-options API.

 * Suggest GitGitGadget instead of submitGit as a way to submit
   patches based on GitHub PR to us.

 * The test framework has been updated to help developers by making it
   easier to run most of the tests under different versions of
   over-the-wire protocols.

 * Dev support update to make it easier to compare two formatted
   results from our documentation.

 * The scripted "git rebase" implementation has been retired.

 * "git multi-pack-index verify" did not scale well with the number of
   packfiles, which is being improved.

 * "git stash" has been rewritten in C.

 * The "check-docs" Makefile target to support developers has been

 * The tests have been updated not to rely on the abbreviated option
   names the parse-options API offers, to protect us from an
   abbreviated form of an option that used to be unique within the
   command getting non-unique when a new option that share the same
   prefix is added.

 * The scripted version of "git rebase -i" wrote and rewrote the todo
   list many times during a single step of its operation, and the
   recent C-rewrite made a faithful conversion of the logic to C.  The
   implementation has been updated to carry necessary information
   around in-core to avoid rewriting the same file over and over

 * Test framework update to more robustly clean up leftover files and
   processes after tests are done.

 * Conversion from unsigned char[20] to struct object_id continues.

 * While running "git diff" in a lazy clone, we can upfront know which
   missing blobs we will need, instead of waiting for the on-demand
   machinery to discover them one by one.  The code learned to aim to
   achieve better performance by batching the request for these
   promised blobs.

 * During an initial "git clone --depth=..." partial clone, it is
   pointless to spend cycles for a large portion of the connectivity
   check that enumerates and skips promisor objects (which by
   definition is all objects fetched from the other side).  This has
   been optimized out.

 * Mechanically and systematically drop "extern" from function

 * The script to aggregate perf result unconditionally depended on
   libjson-perl even though it did not have to, which has been

 * The internal implementation of "git rebase -i" has been updated to
   avoid forking a separate "rebase--interactive" process.

 * Allow DEP and ASLR for Windows build to for security hardening.

 * Performance test framework has been broken and measured the version
   of Git that happens to be on $PATH, not the specified one to
   measure, for a while, which has been corrected.

 * Optionally "make coccicheck" can feed multiple source files to
   spatch, gaining performance while spending more memory.

 * Attempt to use an abbreviated option in "git clone --recurs" is
   responded by a request to disambiguate between --recursive and
   --recurse-submodules, which is bad because these two are synonyms.
   The parse-options API has been extended to define such synonyms
   more easily and not produce an unnecessary failure.

 * A pair of private functions in http.c that had names similar to
   fread/fwrite did not return the number of elements, which was found
   to be confusing.

 * Update collision-detecting SHA-1 code to build properly on HP-UX.

Fixes since v2.21

 * "git prune-packed" did not notice and complain against excess
   arguments given from the command line, which now it does.
   (merge 9b0bd87ed2 rj/prune-packed-excess-args later to maint).

 * Split-index fix.
   (merge 6e37c8ed3c nd/split-index-null-base-fix later to maint).

 * "git diff --no-index" may still want to access Git goodies like
   --ext-diff and --textconv, but so far these have been ignored,
   which has been corrected.
   (merge 287ab28bfa jk/diff-no-index-initialize later to maint).

 * Unify RPC code for smart http in protocol v0/v1 and v2, which fixes
   a bug in the latter (lack of authentication retry) and generally
   improves the code base.
   (merge a97d00799a jt/http-auth-proto-v2-fix later to maint).

 * The include file compat/bswap.h has been updated so that it is safe
   to (accidentally) include it more than once.
   (merge 33aa579a55 jk/guard-bswap-header later to maint).

 * The set of header files used by "make hdr-check" unconditionally
   included sha256/gcrypt.h, even when it is not used, causing the
   make target to fail.  We now skip it when GCRYPT_SHA256 is not in
   (merge f23aa18e7f rj/hdr-check-gcrypt-fix later to maint).

 * The Makefile uses 'find' utility to enumerate all the *.h header
   files, which is expensive on platforms with slow filesystems; it
   now optionally uses "ls-files" if working within a repository,
   which is a trick similar to how all sources are enumerated to run
   ETAGS on.
   (merge 92b88eba9f js/find-lib-h-with-ls-files-when-possible later to maint).

 * "git rebase" that was reimplemented in C did not set ORIG_HEAD
   correctly, which has been corrected.
   (merge cbd29ead92 js/rebase-orig-head-fix later to maint).

 * Dev support.
   (merge f545737144 js/stress-test-ui-tweak later to maint).

 * CFLAGS now can be tweaked when invoking Make while using
   DEVELOPER=YesPlease; this did not work well before.
   (merge 6d5d4b4e93 ab/makefile-help-devs-more later to maint).

 * "git fsck --connectivity-only" omits computation necessary to sift
   the objects that are not reachable from any of the refs into
   unreachable and dangling.  This is now enabled when dangling
   objects are requested (which is done by default, but can be
   overridden with the "--no-dangling" option).
   (merge 8d8c2a5aef jk/fsck-doc later to maint).

 * On platforms where "git fetch" is killed with SIGPIPE (e.g. OSX),
   the upload-pack that runs on the other end that hangs up after
   detecting an error could cause "git fetch" to die with a signal,
   which led to a flaky test.  "git fetch" now ignores SIGPIPE during
   the network portion of its operation (this is not a problem as we
   check the return status from our write(2)s).
   (merge 143588949c jk/no-sigpipe-during-network-transport later to maint).

 * A recent update broke "is this object available to us?" check for
   well-known objects like an empty tree (which should yield "yes",
   even when there is no on-disk object for an empty tree), which has
   been corrected.
   (merge f06ab027ef jk/virtual-objects-do-exist later to maint).

 * The setup code has been cleaned up to avoid leaks around the
   repository_format structure.
   (merge e8805af1c3 ma/clear-repository-format later to maint).

 * "git config --type=color ..." is meant to replace "git config \ 
   but there is a slight difference that wasn't documented, which is
   now fixed.
   (merge cd8e7593b9 jk/config-type-color-ends-with-lf later to maint).

 * When the "clean" filter can reduce the size of a huge file in the
   working tree down to a small "token" (a la Git LFS), there is no
   point in allocating a huge scratch area upfront, but the buffer is
   sized based on the original file size.  The convert mechanism now
   allocates very minimum and reallocates as it receives the output
   from the clean filter process.
   (merge 02156ab031 jh/resize-convert-scratch-buffer later to maint).

 * "git rebase" uses the refs/rewritten/ hierarchy to store its
   intermediate states, which inherently makes the hierarchy per
   worktree, but it didn't quite work well.
   (merge b9317d55a3 nd/rewritten-ref-is-per-worktree later to maint).

 * "git log -L<from>,<to>:<path>" with \ 
"-s" did not suppress the patch
   output as it should.  This has been corrected.
   (merge 05314efaea jk/line-log-with-patch later to maint).

 * "git worktree add" used to do a "find an available name with stat
   and then mkdir", which is race-prone.  This has been fixed by using
   mkdir and reacting to EEXIST in a loop.
   (merge 7af01f2367 ms/worktree-add-atomic-mkdir later to maint).

 * Build update for SHA-1 with collision detection.
   (merge 07a20f569b jk/sha1dc later to maint).

 * Build procedure has been fixed around use of asciidoctor instead of
   (merge 185f9a0ea0 ma/asciidoctor-fixes later to maint).

 * remote-http transport did not anonymize URLs reported in its error
   messages at places.
   (merge c1284b21f2 js/anonymize-remote-curl-diag later to maint).

 * Error messages given from the http transport have been updated so
   that they can be localized.
   (merge ed8b4132c8 js/remote-curl-i18n later to maint).

 * "git init" forgot to read platform-specific repository
   configuration, which made Windows port to ignore settings of
   core.hidedotfiles, for example.

 * A corner-case object name ambiguity while the sequencer machinery
   is working (e.g. "rebase -i -x") has been fixed.

 * "git format-patch" did not diagnose an error while opening the
   output file for the cover-letter, which has been corrected.
   (merge 2fe95f494c jc/format-patch-error-check later to maint).

 * "git checkout -f <branch>" while the index has an unmerged path
   incorrectly left some paths in an unmerged state, which has been

 * A corner case bug in the refs API has been corrected.
   (merge d3322eb28b jk/refs-double-abort later to maint).

 * Unicode update.
   (merge 584b62c37b bb/unicode-12 later to maint).

 * dumb-http walker has been updated to share more error recovery
   strategy with the normal codepath.

 * A buglet in configuration parser has been fixed.
   (merge 19e7fdaa58 nd/include-if-wildmatch later to maint).

 * The documentation for "git read-tree --reset -u" has been updated.
   (merge b5a0bd694c nd/read-tree-reset-doc later to maint).

 * Code clean-up around a much-less-important-than-it-used-to-be
   update_server_info() function.
   (merge b3223761c8 jk/server-info-rabbit-hole later to maint).

 * The message given when "git commit -a <paths>" errors out has been
   (merge 5a1dbd48bc nd/commit-a-with-paths-msg-update later to maint).

 * "git cherry-pick --options A..B", after giving control back to the
   user to ask help resolving a conflicted step, did not honor the
   options it originally received, which has been corrected.

 * Various glitches in "git gc" around reflog handling have been fixed.

 * The code to read from commit-graph file has been cleanup with more
   careful error checking before using data read from it.

 * Performance fix around "git fetch" that grabs many refs.
   (merge b764300912 jt/fetch-pack-wanted-refs-optim later to maint).

 * Protocol v2 support in "git fetch-pack" of shallow clones has been

 * Performance fix around "git blame", especially in a linear history
   (which is the norm we should optimize for).
   (merge f892014943 dk/blame-keep-origin-blob later to maint).

 * Performance fix for "rev-list --parents -- pathspec".
   (merge 8320b1dbe7 jk/revision-rewritten-parents-in-prio-queue later to maint).

 * Updating the display with progress message has been cleaned up to
   deal better with overlong messages.
   (merge 545dc345eb sg/overlong-progress-fix later to maint).

 * "git blame -- path" in a non-bare repository starts blaming from
   the working tree, and the same command in a bare repository errors
   out because there is no working tree by definition.  The command
   has been taught to instead start blaming from the commit at HEAD,
   which is more useful.
   (merge a544fb08f8 sg/blame-in-bare-start-at-head later to maint).

 * An underallocation in the code to read the untracked cache
   extension has been corrected.
   (merge 3a7b45a623 js/untracked-cache-allocfix later to maint).

 * The code is updated to check the result of memory allocation before
   it is used in more places, by using xmalloc and/or xcalloc calls.
   (merge 999b951b28 jk/xmalloc later to maint).

 * The GETTEXT_POISON test option has been quite broken ever since it
   was made runtime-tunable, which has been fixed.
   (merge f88b9cb603 jc/gettext-test-fix later to maint).

 * Test fix on APFS that is incapable of store paths in Latin-1.
   (merge 3889149619 js/iso8895-test-on-apfs later to maint).

 * "git submodule foreach <command> --quiet" did not pass the option
   down correctly, which has been corrected.
   (merge a282f5a906 nd/submodule-foreach-quiet later to maint).

 * "git send-email" has been taught to use quoted-printable when the
   payload contains carriage-return.  The use of the mechanism is in
   line with the design originally added the codepath that chooses QP
   when the payload has overly long lines.
   (merge 74d76a1701 bc/send-email-qp-cr later to maint).

 * The recently added feature to add addresses that are on
   anything-by: trailers in 'git send-email' was found to be way too
   eager and considered nonsense strings as if they can be legitimate
   beginning of *-by: trailer.  This has been tightened.

 * Builds with gettext broke on recent macOS w/ Homebrew, which
   seems to have stopped including from /usr/local/include; this
   has been corrected.
   (merge 92a1377a2a js/macos-gettext-build later to maint).

 * Running "git add" on a repository created inside the current
   repository is an explicit indication that the user wants to add it
   as a submodule, but when the HEAD of the inner repository is on an
   unborn branch, it cannot be added as a submodule.  Worse, the files
   in its working tree can be added as if they are a part of the outer
   repository, which is not what the user wants.  These problems are
   being addressed.
   (merge f937bc2f86 km/empty-repo-is-still-a-repo later to maint).

 * "git cherry-pick" run with the "-x" or the \ 
"--signoff" option used
   to (and more importantly, ought to) clean up the commit log message
   with the --cleanup=space option by default, but this has been
   broken since late 2017.  This has been fixed.

 * When given a tag that points at a commit-ish, "git replace --graft"
   failed to peel the tag before writing a replace ref, which did not
   make sense because the old graft mechanism the feature wants to
   mimic only allowed to replace one commit object with another.
   This has been fixed.
   (merge ee521ec4cb cc/replace-graft-peel-tags later to maint).

 * Code tightening against a "wrong" object appearing where an object
   of a different type is expected, instead of blindly assuming that
   the connection between objects are correctly made.
   (merge 97dd512af7 tb/unexpected later to maint).

 * An earlier update for MinGW and Cygwin accidentally broke MSVC build,
   which has been fixed.
   (merge 22c3634c0f ss/msvc-path-utils-fix later to maint).

 * %(push:track) token used in the --format option to "git
   for-each-ref" and friends was not showing the right branch, which
   has been fixed.
   (merge c646d0934e dr/ref-filter-push-track-fix later to maint).

 * "make check-docs", "git help -a", etc. did not account \ 
for cases
   where a particular build may deliberately omit some subcommands,
   which has been corrected.

 * The logic to tell if a Git repository has a working tree protects
   "git branch -D" from removing the branch that is currently checked
   out by mistake.  The implementation of this logic was broken for
   repositories with unusual name, which unfortunately is the norm for
   submodules these days.  This has been fixed.
   (merge f3534c98e4 jt/submodule-repo-is-with-worktree later to maint).

 * AIX shared the same build issues with other BSDs around fileno(fp),
   which has been corrected.
   (merge ee662bf5c6 cc/aix-has-fileno-as-a-macro later to maint).

 * The autoconf generated configure script failed to use the right
   gettext() implementations from -libintl by ignoring useless stub
   implementations shipped in some C library, which has been
   (merge b71e56a683 vk/autoconf-gettext later to maint).

 * Fix index-pack perf test so that the repeated invocations always
   run in an empty repository, which emulates the initial clone
   situation better.
   (merge 775c71e16d jk/p5302-avoid-collision-check-cost later to maint).

 * A "ls-files" that emulates "find" to enumerate files in \ 
the working
   tree resulted in duplicated Makefile rules that caused the build to
   issue an unnecessary warning during a trial build after merge
   conflicts are resolved in working tree *.h files but before the
   resolved results are added to the index.  This has been corrected.

 * "git cherry-pick" (and "revert" that shares the same \ 
runtime engine)
   that deals with multiple commits got confused when the final step
   gets stopped with a conflict and the user concluded the sequence
   with "git commit".  Attempt to fix it by cleaning up the state
   files used by these commands in such a situation.
   (merge 4a72486de9 pw/clean-sequencer-state-upon-final-commit later to maint).

 * On a filesystem like HFS+, the names of the refs stored as filesystem
   entities may become different from what the end-user expects, just
   like files in the working tree get "renamed".  Work around the
   mismatch by paying attention to the core.precomposeUnicode
   (merge 8e712ef6fc en/unicode-in-refnames later to maint).

 * The code to generate the multi-pack idx file was not prepared to
   see too many packfiles and ran out of open file descriptor, which
   has been corrected.

 * To run tests for Git SVN, our scripts for CI used to install the
   git-svn package (in the hope that it would bring in the right
   dependencies).  This has been updated to install the more direct
   dependency, namely, libsvn-perl.
   (merge db864306cf sg/ci-libsvn-perl later to maint).

 * "git cvsexportcommit" running on msys did not expect cvsnt showed
   "cvs status" output with CRLF line endings.

 * The fsmonitor interface got out of sync after the in-core index
   file gets discarded, which has been corrected.
   (merge 398a3b0899 js/fsmonitor-refresh-after-discarding-index later to maint).

 * "git status" did not know that the "label" instruction in the
   todo-list "rebase -i -r" uses should not be shown as a hex object

 * A prerequisite check in the test suite to see if a working jgit is
   available was made more robust.
   (merge abd0f28983 tz/test-lib-check-working-jgit later to maint).

 * The codepath to parse :<path> that obtains the object name for an
   indexed object has been made more robust.

 * Code cleanup, docfix, build fix, etc.
   (merge 11f470aee7 jc/test-yes-doc later to maint).
   (merge 90503a240b js/doc-symref-in-proto-v1 later to maint).
   (merge 5c326d1252 jk/unused-params later to maint).
   (merge 68cabbfda3 dl/doc-submodule-wo-subcommand later to maint).
   (merge 9903623761 ab/receive-pack-use-after-free-fix later to maint).
   (merge 1ede45e44b en/merge-options-doc later to maint).
   (merge 3e14dd2c8e rd/doc-hook-used-in-sample later to maint).
   (merge c271dc28fd nd/no-more-check-racy later to maint).
   (merge e6e15194a8 yb/utf-16le-bom-spellfix later to maint).
   (merge bb101aaf0c rd/attr.c-comment-typofix later to maint).
   (merge 716a5af812 rd/gc-prune-doc-fix later to maint).
   (merge 50b206371d js/untravis-windows later to maint).
   (merge dbf47215e3 js/rebase-recreate-merge later to maint).
   (merge 56cb2d30f8 dl/reset-doc-no-wrt-abbrev later to maint).
   (merge 64eca306a2 ja/dir-rename-doc-markup-fix later to maint).
   (merge af91b0230c dl/ignore-docs later to maint).
   (merge 59a06e947b ra/t3600-test-path-funcs later to maint).
   (merge e041d0781b ar/t4150-remove-cruft later to maint).
   (merge 8d75a1d183 ma/asciidoctor-fixes-more later to maint).
   (merge 74cc547b0f mh/pack-protocol-doc-fix later to maint).
   (merge ed31851fa6 ab/doc-misc-typofixes later to maint).
   (merge a7256debd4 nd/checkout-m-doc-update later to maint).
   (merge 3a9e1ad78d jt/t5551-protocol-v2-does-not-have-half-auth later to maint).
   (merge 0b918b75af sg/t5318-cleanup later to maint).
   (merge 68ed71b53c cb/doco-mono later to maint).
   (merge a34dca2451 nd/interpret-trailers-docfix later to maint).
   (merge cf7b857a77 en/fast-import-parsing-fix later to maint).
   (merge fe61ccbc35 po/rerere-doc-fmt later to maint).
   (merge ffea0248bf po/describe-not-necessarily-7 later to maint).
   (merge 7cb7283adb tg/ls-files-debug-format-fix later to maint).
   (merge f64a21bd82 tz/doc-apostrophe-no-longer-needed later to maint).
   (merge dbe7b41019 js/t3301-unbreak-notes-test later to maint).
   (merge d8083e4180 km/t3000-retitle later to maint).
   (merge 9e4cbccbd7 tz/git-svn-doc-markup-fix later to maint).
   (merge da9ca955a7 jk/ls-files-doc-markup-fix later to maint).
   (merge 6804ba3a58 cw/diff-highlight later to maint).
   (merge 1a8787144d nd/submodule-helper-incomplete-line-fix later to maint).
   (merge d9ef573837 jk/apache-lsan later to maint).
   (merge c871fbee2b js/t6500-use-windows-pid-on-mingw later to maint).
   (merge ce4c7bfc90 bl/t4253-exit-code-from-format-patch later to maint).
   (merge 397a46db78 js/t5580-unc-alternate-test later to maint).
   (merge d4907720a2 cm/notes-comment-fix later to maint).
   (merge 9dde06de13 cb/http-push-null-in-message-fix later to maint).
   (merge 4c785c0edc js/rebase-config-bitfix later to maint).
   (merge 8e9fe16c87 es/doc-gitsubmodules-markup later to maint).
   2018-12-09 21:29:13 by Adam Ciarcinski | Files touched by this commit (4) | Package updated
Log message:
git: updated to 2.20.0

Git 2.20 Release Notes

Backward Compatibility Notes

 * "git branch -l <foo>" used to be a way to ask a reflog to be
   created while creating a new branch, but that is no longer the
   case.  It is a short-hand for "git branch --list <foo>" now.

 * "git push" into refs/tags/* hierarchy is rejected without getting
   forced, but "git fetch" (misguidedly) used the "fast \ 
   rule used for the refs/heads/* hierarchy; this has been corrected,
   which means some fetches of tags that did not fail with older
   version of Git will fail without "--force" with this version.

 * "git help -a" now gives verbose output (same as "git help \ 
   Those who want the old output may say "git help --no-verbose -a"..

 * "git cpn --help", when "cpn" is an alias to, say, \ 
"cherry-pick -n",
   reported only the alias expansion of "cpn" in earlier versions of
   Git.  It now runs "git cherry-pick --help" to show the manual page
   of the command, while sending the alias expansion to the standard
   error stream.

 * "git send-email" learned to grab address-looking string on any
   trailer whose name ends with "-by". This is a backward-incompatible
   change.  Adding "--suppress-cc=misc-by" on the command line, or
   setting sendemail.suppresscc configuration variable to "misc-by",
   can be used to disable this behaviour.

Updates since v2.19

UI, Workflows & Features

 * Running "git clone" against a project that contain two files with
   pathnames that differ only in cases on a case insensitive
   filesystem would result in one of the files lost because the
   underlying filesystem is incapable of holding both at the same
   time.  An attempt is made to detect such a case and warn.

 * "git checkout -b newbranch [HEAD]" should not have to do as much as
   checking out a commit different from HEAD.  An attempt is made to
   optimize this special case.

 * "git rev-list --stdin </dev/null" used to be an error; it now shows
   no output without an error.  "git rev-list --stdin --default HEAD"
   still falls back to the given default when nothing is given on the
   standard input.

 * Lift code from GitHub to restrict delta computation so that an
   object that exists in one fork is not made into a delta against
   another object that does not appear in the same forked repository.

 * "git format-patch" learned new "--interdiff" and \ 
   options to explain the difference between this version and the
   previous attempt in the cover letter (or after the three-dashes as
   a comment).

 * "git mailinfo" used in "git am" learned to make a best-effort
   recovery of a patch corrupted by MUA that sends text/plain with
   format=flawed option.
   (merge 3aa4d81f88 rs/mailinfo-format-flowed later to maint).

 * The rules used by "git push" and "git fetch" to determine \ 
if a ref
   can or cannot be updated were inconsistent; specifically, fetching
   to update existing tags were allowed even though tags are supposed
   to be unmoving anchoring points.  "git fetch" was taught to forbid
   updates to existing tags without the "--force" option.

 * "git multi-pack-index" learned to detect corruption in the .midx
   file it uses, and this feature has been integrated into "git fsck".

 * Generation of (experimental) commit-graph files have so far been
   fairly silent, even though it takes noticeable amount of time in a
   meaningfully large repository.  The users will now see progress

 * The minimum version of Windows supported by Windows port of Git is
   now set to Vista.

 * The completion script (in contrib/) learned to complete a handful of
   options "git stash list" command takes.

 * The completion script (in contrib/) learned that "git fetch
   --multiple" only takes remote names as arguments and no refspecs.

 * "git status" learns to show progress bar when refreshing the index
   takes a long time.
   (merge ae9af12287 nd/status-refresh-progress later to maint).

 * "git help -a" and "git help -av" give different pieces of
   information, and generally the "verbose" version is more friendly
   to the new users.  "git help -a" by default now uses the more
   verbose output (with "--no-verbose", you can go back to the
   original).  Also "git help -av" now lists aliases and external
   commands, which it did not used to.

 * Unlike "grep", "git grep" by default recurses to the \ 
whole tree.
   The command learned "git grep --recursive" option, so that "git
   grep --no-recursive" can serve as a synonym to setting the
   max-depth to 0.

 * When pushing into a repository that borrows its objects from an
   alternate object store, "git receive-pack" that responds to the
   push request on the other side lists the tips of refs in the
   alternate to reduce the amount of objects transferred.  This
   sometimes is detrimental when the number of refs in the alternate
   is absurdly large, in which case the bandwidth saved in potentially
   fewer objects transferred is wasted in excessively large ref
   advertisement.  The alternate refs that are advertised are now
   configurable with a pair of configuration variables.

 * "git cmd --help" when "cmd" is aliased used to only say \ 
"cmd is
   aliased to ...".  Now it shows that to the standard error stream
   and runs "git $cmd --help" where $cmd is the first word of the
   alias expansion.

 * The documentation of "git gc" has been updated to mention that it
   is no longer limited to "pruning away crufts" but also updates
   ancillary files like commit-graph as a part of repository

 * "git p4 unshelve" improvements.

 * The logic to select the default user name and e-mail on Windows has
   been improved.
   (merge 501afcb8b0 js/mingw-default-ident later to maint).

 * The "rev-list --filter" feature learned to exclude all trees via
   "tree:0" filter.

 * "git send-email" learned to grab address-looking string on any
   trailer whose name ends with "-by"; --suppress-cc=misc-by on the
   command line, or setting sendemail.suppresscc configuration
   variable to "misc-by", can be used to disable this behaviour.

 * "git mergetool" learned to take the "--[no-]gui" option, \ 
just like
   "git difftool" does.

 * "git rebase -i" learned a new insn, 'break', that the user can
   insert in the to-do list.  Upon hitting it, the command returns
   control back to the user.

 * New "--pretty=format:" placeholders %GF and %GP that show the GPG
   key fingerprints have been invented.

 * On platforms with recent cURL library, http.sslBackend configuration
   variable can be used to choose a different SSL backend at runtime.
   The Windows port uses this mechanism to switch between OpenSSL and
   Secure Channel while talking over the HTTPS protocol.

 * "git send-email" learned to disable SMTP authentication via the
   "--smtp-auth=none" option, even when the smtp username is given
   (which turns the authentication on by default).

 * A fourth class of configuration files (in addition to the
   traditional "system wide", "per user in the $HOME \ 
directory" and
   "per repository in the $GIT_DIR/config") has been introduced so
   that different worktrees that share the same repository (hence the
   same $GIT_DIR/config file) can use different customization.

 * A pattern with '**' that does not have a slash on either side used
   to be an invalid one, but the code now treats such double-asterisks
   the same way as two normal asterisks that happen to be adjacent to
   each other.
   (merge e5bbe09e88 nd/wildmatch-double-asterisk later to maint).

 * The "--no-patch" option, which can be used to get a high-level
   overview without the actual line-by-line patch difference shown, of
   the "range-diff" command was earlier broken, which has been

 * The recently merged "rebase in C" has an escape hatch to use the
   scripted version when necessary, but it hasn't been documented,
   which has been corrected.

Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.

 * Developer builds now use -Wunused-function compilation option.

 * One of our CI tests to run with "unusual/experimental/random"
   settings now also uses commit-graph and midx.

 * When there are too many packfiles in a repository (which is not
   recommended), looking up an object in these would require
   consulting many pack .idx files; a new mechanism to have a single
   file that consolidates all of these .idx files is introduced.

 * "git submodule update" is getting rewritten piece-by-piece into C.

 * The code for computing history reachability has been shuffled,
   obtained a bunch of new tests to cover them, and then being

 * The unpack_trees() API used in checking out a branch and merging
   walks one or more trees along with the index.  When the cache-tree
   in the index tells us that we are walking a tree whose flattened
   contents is known (i.e. matches a span in the index), as linearly
   scanning a span in the index is much more efficient than having to
   open tree objects recursively and listing their entries, the walk
   can be optimized, which has been done.

 * When creating a thin pack, which allows objects to be made into a
   delta against another object that is not in the resulting pack but
   is known to be present on the receiving end, the code learned to
   take advantage of the reachability bitmap; this allows the server
   to send a delta against a base beyond the "boundary" commit.

 * spatch transformation to replace boolean uses of !hashcmp() to
   newly introduced oideq() is added, and applied, to regain
   performance lost due to support of multiple hash algorithms.

 * Fix a bug in which the same path could be registered under multiple
   worktree entries if the path was missing (for instance, was removed
   manually).  Also, as a convenience, expand the number of cases in
   which --force is applicable.

 * Split Documentation/config.txt for easier maintenance.
   (merge 6014363f0b nd/config-split later to maint).

 * Test helper binaries clean-up.
   (merge c9a1f4161f nd/test-tool later to maint).

 * Various tests have been updated to make it easier to swap the
   hash function used for object identification.
   (merge ae0c89d41b bc/hash-independent-tests later to maint).

 * Update fsck.skipList implementation and documentation.
   (merge 371a655074 ab/fsck-skiplist later to maint).

 * An alias that expands to another alias has so far been forbidden,
   but now it is allowed to create such an alias.

 * Various test scripts have been updated for style and also correct
   handling of exit status of various commands.

 * "gc --auto" ended up calling exit(-1) upon error, which has been
   corrected to use exit(1).  Also the error reporting behaviour when
   daemonized has been updated to exit with zero status when stopping
   due to a previously discovered error (which implies there is no
   point running gc to improve the situation); we used to exit with
   failure in such a case.

 * Various codepaths in the core-ish part learned to work on an
   arbitrary in-core index structure, not necessarily the default
   instance "the_index".
   (merge b3c7eef9b0 nd/the-index later to maint).

 * Code clean-up in the internal machinery used by "git status" and
   "git commit --dry-run".
   (merge 73ba5d78b4 ss/wt-status-committable later to maint).

 * Some environment variables that control the runtime options of Git
   used during tests are getting renamed for consistency.
   (merge 4231d1ba99 bp/rename-test-env-var later to maint).

 * A pair of new extensions to the index file have been introduced.
   They allow the index file to be read in parallel for performance.

 * The oidset API was built on top of the oidmap API which in turn is
   on the hashmap API.  Replace the implementation to build on top of
   the khash API and gain performance.

 * Over some transports, fetching objects with an exact commit object
   name can be done without first seeing the ref advertisements.  The
   code has been optimized to exploit this.

 * In a partial clone that will lazily be hydrated from the
   originating repository, we generally want to avoid "does this
   object exist (locally)?" on objects that we deliberately omitted
   when we created the clone.  The cache-tree codepath (which is used
   to write a tree object out of the index) however insisted that the
   object exists, even for paths that are outside of the partial
   checkout area.  The code has been updated to avoid such a check.

 * To help developers, an EditorConfig file that attempts to follow
   the project convention has been added.
   (merge b548d698a0 bc/editorconfig later to maint).

 * The result of coverage test can be combined with "git blame" to
   check the test coverage of code introduced recently with a new
   'coverage-diff' tool (in contrib/).
   (merge 783faedd65 ds/coverage-diff later to maint).

 * An experiment to fuzz test a few areas, hopefully we can gain more
   coverage to various areas.

 * More codepaths are moving away from hardcoded hash sizes.

 * The way the Windows port figures out the current directory has been

 * The way DLLs are loaded on the Windows port has been improved.

 * Some tests have been reorganized and renamed; "ls t/" now gives a
   better overview of what is tested for these scripts than before.

 * "git rebase" and "git rebase -i" have been reimplemented in C.

 * Windows port learned to use nano-second resolution file timestamps.

 * The overly large Documentation/config.txt file have been split into
   million little pieces.  This potentially allows each individual piece
   to be included into the manual page of the command it affects more easily.

 * Replace three string-list instances used as look-up tables in "git
   fetch" with hashmaps.

 * Unify code to read the author-script used in "git am" and the
   commands that use the sequencer machinery, e.g. "git rebase -i".

 * In preparation to the day when we can deprecate and remove the
   "rebase -p", make sure we can skip and later remove tests for

 * The history traversal used to implement the tag-following has been
   optimized by introducing a new helper.

 * The helper function to refresh the cached stat information in the
   in-core index has learned to perform the lstat() part of the
   operation in parallel on multi-core platforms.

 * The code to traverse objects for reachability, used to decide what
   objects are unreferenced and expendable, have been taught to also
   consider per-worktree refs of other worktrees as starting points to
   prevent data loss.

 * "git add" needs to internally run "diff-files" \ 
equivalent, and the
   codepath learned the same optimization as "diff-files" has to run
   lstat(2) in parallel to find which paths have been updated in the
   working tree.

 * The procedure to install dependencies before testing at Travis CI
   is getting revamped for both simplicity and flexibility, taking
   advantage of the recent move to the vm-based environment.

 * The support for format-patch (and send-email) by the command-line
   completion script (in contrib/) has been simplified a bit.

 * The revision walker machinery learned to take advantage of the
   commit generation numbers stored in the commit-graph file.

 * The codebase has been cleaned up to reduce "#ifndef NO_PTHREADS".

 * The way -lcurl library gets linked has been simplified by taking
   advantage of the fact that we can just ask curl-config command how.

 * Various functions have been audited for "-Wunused-parameter" warnings
   and bugs in them got fixed.

 * A sanity check for start-up sequence has been added in the config
   API codepath.

 * The build procedure to link for fuzzing test has been made
   customizable with a new Makefile variable.

 * The way "git rebase" parses and forwards the command line options
   meant for underlying "git am" has been revamped, which fixed for
   options with parameters that were not passed correctly.

 * Our testing framework uses a special i18n "poisoned localization"
   feature to find messages that ought to stay constant but are
   incorrectly marked to be translated.  This feature has been made
   into a runtime option (it used to be a compile-time option).

 * "git push" used to check ambiguities between object-names and
   refnames while processing the list of refs' old and new values,
   which was unnecessary (as it knew that it is feeding raw object
   names).  This has been optimized out.

 * The xcurl_off_t() helper function is used to cast size_t to
   curl_off_t, but some compilers gave warnings against the code to
   ensure the casting is done without wraparound, when size_t is
   narrower than curl_off_t.  This warning has been squelched.

 * Code preparation to replace ulong vars with size_t vars where
   appropriate continues.

 * The "test installed Git" mode of our test suite has been updated to
   work better.

 * A coding convention around the Coccinelle semantic patches to have
   two classes to ease code migration process has been proposed and
   its support has been added to the Makefile.

 * The "container" mode of TravisCI is going away.  Our .travis.yml
   file is getting prepared for the transition.
   (merge 32ee384be8 ss/travis-ci-force-vm-mode later to maint).

 * Our test scripts can now take the '-V' option as a synonym for the
   '--verbose-log' option.
   (merge a5f52c6dab sg/test-verbose-log later to maint).

Fixes since v2.19

 * "git interpret-trailers" and its underlying machinery had a buggy
   code that attempted to ignore patch text after commit log message,
   which triggered in various codepaths that will always get the log
   message alone and never get such an input.
   (merge 66e83d9b41 jk/trailer-fixes later to maint).

 * Malformed or crafted data in packstream can make our code attempt
   to read or write past the allocated buffer and abort, instead of
   reporting an error, which has been fixed.

 * "git rebase -i" did not clear the state files correctly when a run
   of "squash/fixup" is aborted and then the user manually amended the
   commit instead, which has been corrected.
   (merge 10d2f35436 js/rebase-i-autosquash-fix later to maint).

 * When fsmonitor is in use, after operation on submodules updates
   .gitmodules, we lost track of the fact that we did so and relied on
   stale fsmonitor data.
   (merge 43f1180814 bp/mv-submodules-with-fsmonitor later to maint).

 * Fix for a long-standing bug that leaves the index file corrupt when
   it shrinks during a partial commit.
   (merge 6c003d6ffb jk/reopen-tempfile-truncate later to maint).

 * Further fix for O_APPEND emulation on Windows
   (merge eeaf7ddac7 js/mingw-o-append later to maint).

 * A corner case bugfix in "git rerere" code.
   (merge ad2bf0d9b4 en/rerere-multi-stage-1-fix later to maint).

 * "git add ':(attr:foo)'" is not supported and is supposed to be
   rejected while the command line arguments are parsed, but we fail
   to reject such a command line upfront.
   (merge 84d938b732 nd/attr-pathspec-fix later to maint).

 * Recent update broke the reachability algorithm when refs (e.g.
   tags) that point at objects that are not commit were involved,
   which has been fixed.

 * "git rebase" etc. in Git 2.19 fails to abort when given an empty
   commit log message as result of editing, which has been corrected.
   (merge a3ec9eaf38 en/sequencer-empty-edit-result-aborts later to maint).

 * The code to backfill objects in lazily cloned repository did not
   work correctly, which has been corrected.
   (merge e68302011c jt/lazy-object-fetch-fix later to maint).

 * Update error messages given by "git remote" and make them consistent.
   (merge 5025425dff ms/remote-error-message-update later to maint).

 * "git update-ref" learned to make both "--no-deref" and \ 
   work at the same time.
   (merge d345e9fbe7 en/update-ref-no-deref-stdin later to maint).

 * Recently added "range-diff" had a corner-case bug to cause it
   segfault, which has been corrected.
   (merge e467a90c7a tg/range-diff-corner-case-fix later to maint).

 * The recently introduced commit-graph auxiliary data is incompatible
   with mechanisms such as replace & grafts that "breaks" immutable
   nature of the object reference relationship.  Disable optimizations
   based on its use (and updating existing commit-graph) when these
   incompatible features are in use in the repository.
   (merge 829a321569 ds/commit-graph-with-grafts later to maint).

 * The mailmap file update.
   (merge 255eb03edf jn/mailmap-update later to maint).

 * The code in "git status" sometimes hit an assertion failure.  This
   was caused by a structure that was reused without cleaning the data
   used for the first run, which has been corrected.
   (merge 3e73cc62c0 en/status-multiple-renames-to-the-same-target-fix later to \ 

 * "git fetch $repo $object" in a partial clone did not correctly
   fetch the asked-for object that is referenced by an object in
   promisor packfile, which has been fixed.

 * A corner-case bugfix.
   (merge c5cbb27cb5 sm/show-superproject-while-conflicted later to maint).

 * Various fixes to "diff --color-moved-ws".

 * A partial clone that is configured to lazily fetch missing objects
   will on-demand issue a "git fetch" request to the originating
   repository to fill not-yet-obtained objects.  The request has been
   optimized for requesting a tree object (and not the leaf blob
   objects contained in it) by telling the originating repository that
   no blobs are needed.
   (merge 4c7f9567ea jt/non-blob-lazy-fetch later to maint).

 * The codepath to support the experimental split-index mode had
   remaining "racily clean" issues fixed.
   (merge 4c490f3d32 sg/split-index-racefix later to maint).

 * "git log --graph" showing an octopus merge sometimes miscounted the
   number of display columns it is consuming to show the merge and its
   parent commits, which has been corrected.
   (merge 04005834ed np/log-graph-octopus-fix later to maint).

 * "git range-diff" did not work well when the compared ranges had
   changes in submodules and the "--submodule=log" was used.

 * The implementation of run_command() API on the UNIX platforms had a
   bug that caused a command not on $PATH to be found in the current
   (merge f67b980771 jk/run-command-notdot later to maint).

 * A mutex used in "git pack-objects" were not correctly initialized
   and this caused "git repack" to dump core on Windows.
   (merge 34204c8166 js/pack-objects-mutex-init-fix later to maint).

 * Under certain circumstances, "git diff D:/a/b/c D:/a/b/d" on
   Windows would strip initial parts from the paths because they
   were not recognized as absolute, which has been corrected.
   (merge ffd04e92e2 js/diff-notice-has-drive-prefix later to maint).

 * The receive.denyCurrentBranch=updateInstead codepath kicked in even
   when the push should have been rejected due to other reasons, such
   as it does not fast-forward or the update-hook rejects it, which
   has been corrected.
   (merge b072a25fad jc/receive-deny-current-branch-fix later to maint).

 * The logic to determine the archive type "git archive" uses did not
   correctly kick in for "git archive --remote", which has been

 * "git repack" in a shallow clone did not correctly update the
   shallow points in the repository, leading to a repository that
   does not pass fsck.
   (merge 5dcfbf564c js/shallow-and-fetch-prune later to maint).

 * Some codepaths failed to form a proper URL when .gitmodules record
   the URL to a submodule repository as relative to the repository of
   superproject, which has been corrected.
   (merge e0a862fdaf sb/submodule-url-to-absolute later to maint).

 * "git fetch" over protocol v2 into a shallow repository failed to
   fetch full history behind a new tip of history that was diverged
   before the cut-off point of the history that was previously fetched

 * The command line completion machinery (in contrib/) has been
   updated to allow the completion script to tweak the list of options
   that are reported by the parse-options machinery correctly.
   (merge 276b49ff34 nd/completion-negation later to maint).

 * Operations on promisor objects make sense in the context of only a
   small subset of the commands that internally use the revisions
   machinery, but the "--exclude-promisor-objects" option were taken
   and led to nonsense results by commands like "log", to which it
   didn't make much sense.  This has been corrected.
   (merge 669b1d2aae md/exclude-promisor-objects-fix later to maint).

 * A regression in Git 2.12 era made "git fsck" fall into an infinite
   loop while processing truncated loose objects.
   (merge 18ad13e5b2 jk/detect-truncated-zlib-input later to maint).

 * "git ls-remote $there foo" was broken by recent update for the
   protocol v2 and stopped showing refs that match 'foo' that are not
   refs/{heads,tags}/foo, which has been fixed.
   (merge 6a139cdd74 jk/proto-v2-ref-prefix-fix later to maint).

 * Additional comment on a tricky piece of code to help developers.
   (merge 0afbe3e806 jk/stream-pack-non-delta-clarification later to maint).

 * A couple of tests used to leave the repository in a state that is
   deliberately corrupt, which have been corrected.
   (merge aa984dbe5e ab/pack-tests-cleanup later to maint).

 * The submodule support has been updated to read from the blob at
   HEAD:.gitmodules when the .gitmodules file is missing from the
   working tree.
   (merge 2b1257e463 ao/submodule-wo-gitmodules-checked-out later to maint).

 * "git fetch" was a bit loose in parsing responses from the other side
   when talking over the protocol v2.

 * "git rev-parse --exclude=* --branches --branches"  (i.e. first
   saying "add only things that do not match '*' out of all branches"
   and then adding all branches, without any exclusion this time)
   worked as expected, but "--exclude=* --all --all" did not work the
   same way, which has been fixed.
   (merge 5221048092 ag/rev-parse-all-exclude-fix later to maint).

 * "git send-email --transfer-encoding=..." in recent versions of Git
   sometimes produced an empty "Content-Transfer-Encoding:" header,
   which has been corrected.
   (merge 3c88e46f1a al/send-email-auto-cte-fixup later to maint).

 * The interface into "xdiff" library used to discover the offset and
   size of a generated patch hunk by first formatting it into the
   textual hunk header "@@ -n,m +k,l @@" and then parsing the numbers
   out.  A new interface has been introduced to allow callers a more
   direct access to them.
   (merge 5eade0746e jk/xdiff-interface later to maint).

 * Pathspec matching against a tree object were buggy when negative
   pathspec elements were involved, which has been fixed.
   (merge b7845cebc0 nd/tree-walk-path-exclusion later to maint).

 * "git merge" and "git pull" that merges into an unborn \ 
branch used
   to completely ignore "--verify-signatures", which has been
   (merge 01a31f3bca jk/verify-sig-merge-into-void later to maint).

 * "git rebase --autostash" did not correctly re-attach the HEAD at times.

 * "rev-parse --exclude=<pattern> --branches=<pattern>" \ 
etc. did not
   quite work, which has been corrected.
   (merge 9ab9b5df0e ra/rev-parse-exclude-glob later to maint).

 * When editing a patch in a "git add -i" session, a hunk could be
   made to no-op.  The "git apply" program used to reject a patch with
   such a no-op hunk to catch user mistakes, but it is now updated to
   explicitly allow a no-op hunk in an edited patch.
   (merge 22cb3835b9 js/apply-recount-allow-noop later to maint).

 * The URL to an MSDN page in a comment has been updated.
   (merge 2ef2ae2917 js/mingw-msdn-url later to maint).

 * "git ls-remote --sort=<thing>" can feed an object that is not yet
   available into the comparison machinery and segfault, which has
   been corrected to check such a request upfront and reject it.

 * When "git bundle" aborts due to an empty commit ranges
   (i.e. resulting in an empty pack), it left a file descriptor to an
   lockfile open, which resulted in leftover lockfile on Windows where
   you cannot remove a file with an open file descriptor.  This has
   been corrected.
   (merge 2c8ee1f53c jk/close-duped-fd-before-unlock-for-bundle later to maint).

 * "git format-patch --stat=<width>" can be used to specify the width
   used by the diffstat (shown in the cover letter).
   (merge 284aeb7e60 nd/format-patch-cover-letter-stat-width later to maint).

 * The way .git/index and .git/sharedindex* files were initially
   created gave these files different perm bits until they were
   adjusted for shared repository settings.  This was made consistent.
   (merge c9d6c78870 cc/shared-index-permbits later to maint).

 * "git rebase --stat" to transplant a piece of history onto a totally
   unrelated history were not working before and silently showed wrong
   result.  With the recent reimplementation in C, it started to instead
   die with an error message, as the original logic was not prepared
   to cope with this case.  This has now been fixed.

 * The advice message to tell the user to migrate an existing graft
   file to the replace system when a graft file was read was shown
   even when "git replace --convert-graft-file" command, which is the
   way the message suggests to use, was running, which made little
   (merge 8821e90a09 ab/replace-graft-with-replace-advice later to maint).

 * "git diff --raw" lost ellipses to adjust the output columns for
   some time now, but the documentation still showed them.

 * Code cleanup, docfix, build fix, etc.