./security/dropbear, Small SSH2 server and client, aimed at embedded market

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Branch: CURRENT, Version: 2020.81, Package name: dropbear-2020.81, Maintainer: snj

The search for a small Secure Shell server to fit on a laptop with 4
megs ram and no hard disk was fruitless, so Matt Johnston decided to
write his own, and Dropbear is the result. It implements various
features of the SSH 2 protocol, including X11 and Authentication Agent
forwarding. Dropbear is Open Source software, distributed under a
MIT-style license. It includes a server, client and tools to
generate server keys and to convert OpenSSH keys for Dropbear.


* A small memory footprint - Dropbear can compile to a 110kB
statically linked binary with uClibc (and only minimal options
* Implements X11 forwarding, and authentication-agent forwarding
for OpenSSH clients
* Compatible with OpenSSH ~/.ssh/authorized_keys public key
* Features can easily be disabled when compiling to save space.
* Preliminary TCP forwarding support (-L style only)

Required to run:
[math/ltm] [security/libtomcrypt]

Required to build:

Master sites:

Filesize: 2235.98 KB

Version history: (Expand)

CVS history: (Expand)

   2023-05-25 23:28:10 by Thomas Klausner | Files touched by this commit (1)
Log message:
dropbear: re-word a comment to avoid false positives
   2021-10-26 13:18:07 by Nia Alarie | Files touched by this commit (605)
Log message:
security: Replace RMD160 checksums with BLAKE2s checksums

All checksums have been double-checked against existing RMD160 and
SHA512 hashes

Unfetchable distfiles (fetched conditionally?):
./security/cyrus-sasl/distinfo \ 
   2021-10-07 16:54:50 by Nia Alarie | Files touched by this commit (606)
Log message:
security: Remove SHA1 hashes for distfiles
   2020-12-19 12:07:10 by Nia Alarie | Files touched by this commit (3)
Log message:
dropbear: Update to 2020.81
   2019-06-10 15:44:35 by Nia Alarie | Files touched by this commit (5)
Log message:
dropbear: Update to 2019.78


2019.78 - 27 March 2019

- Fix dbclient regression in 2019.77. After exiting the terminal would be left
  in a bad state. Reported by Ryan Woodsmall

2019.77 - 23 March 2019

- Fix server -R option with ECDSA - only advertise one key size which will be \ 
  Reported by Peter Krefting, 2018.76 regression.

- Fix server regression in 2018.76 where multiple client -R forwards were all \ 
  to the first destination. Reported by Iddo Samet.

- Make failure delay more consistent to avoid revealing valid usernames, set \ 
server password
  limit of 100 characters. Problem reported by usd responsible disclosure team

- Change handling of failed authentication to avoid disclosing valid usernames,

- Fix dbclient to reliably return the exit code from the remote server.
  Reported by W. Mike Petullo

- Fix export of 521-bit ECDSA keys, from Christian Hohnstädt

- Add -o Port=xxx option to work with sshfs, from xcko

- Merged fuzzing code, see FUZZER-NOTES.md

- Add a DROPBEAR_SVR_MULTIUSER=0 compile option to run on
  single-user Linux kernels (CONFIG_MULTIUSER disabled). From Patrick Stewart

- Increase allowed username to 100 characters, reported by W. Mike Petullo

- Update config.sub and config.guess, should now work with RISC-V

- Cygwin compile fix from karel-m

- Don't require GNU sed (accidentally in 2018.76), reported by Samuel Hsu

- Fix for IRIX and writev(), reported by Kazuo Kuroi

- Other fixes and cleanups from François Perrad, Andre McCurdy, Konstantin Demin,
  Michael Jones, Pawel Rapkiewicz

2018.76 - 27 February 2018

> > > Configuration/compatibility changes
  Custom configuration is now specified in localoptions.h rather than options.h
  Available options and defaults can be seen in default_options.h

  To migrate your configuration, compare your customised options.h against the
  upstream options.h from your relevant version. Any customised options should
  be put in localoptions.h in the build directory.

- "configure --enable-static" should now be used instead of "make \ 
  This will avoid 'hardened build' flags that conflict with static binaries

- Set 'hardened build' flags by default if supported by the compiler.
  These can be disabled with configure --disable-harden if needed.
  -Wl,-z,now -Wl,-z,relro
  # spectre v2 mitigation

  Spectre patch from Loganaden Velvindron

- "dropbear -r" option for hostkeys no longer attempts to load the default
  hostkey paths as well. If desired these can be specified manually.
  Patch from CamVan Nguyen

- group1-sha1 key exchange is disabled in the server by default since
  the fixed 1024-bit group may be susceptible to attacks

- twofish ciphers are now disabled in the default configuration

- Default generated ECDSA key size is now 256 (rather than 521)
  for better interoperability

- Minimum RSA key length has been increased to 1024 bits

> > > Other features and fixes

- Add runtime -T max_auth_tries option from Kevin Darbyshire-Bryant

- Add 'dbclient -J &fd' to allow dbclient to connect over an existing socket.
  See dbclient manpage for a socat example. Patch from Harald Becker

- Add "-c forced_command" option. Patch from Jeremy Kerr

- Restricted group -G option added with patch from stellarpower

- Support server-chosen TCP forwarding ports, patch from houseofkodai

- Allow choosing outgoing address for dbclient with -b [bind_address][:bind_port]
  Patch from houseofkodai

- Makefile will now rebuild object files when header files are modified

- Add group14-256 and group16 key exchange options

- curve25519-sha256 also supported without @libssh.org suffix

- Update bundled libtomcrypt to 1.18.1, libtommath to 1.0.1
  This fixes building with some recent versions of clang

- Set PAM_RHOST which is needed by modules such as pam_abl

- Improvements to DSS and RSA public key validation, found by OSS-Fuzz.

- Don't exit when an authorized_keys file has malformed entries. Found by OSS-Fuzz

- Fix null-pointer crash with malformed ECDSA or DSS keys. Found by OSS-Fuzz

- Numerous code cleanups and small issues fixed by Francois Perrad

- Test for pkt_sched.h rather than SO_PRIORITY which was problematic with some musl
  platforms. Reported by Oliver Schneider and Andrew Bainbridge

- Fix some platform portability problems, from Ben Gardner

- Add EXEEXT filename suffix for building dropbearmulti, from William Foster

- Support --enable-<option> properly for configure, from Stefan Hauser

- configure have_openpty result can be cached, from Eric Bénard

- handle platforms that return close() < -1 on failure, from Marco Wenzel

- Build and configuration cleanups from Michael Witten

- Fix libtomcrypt/libtommath linking order, from Andre McCurdy

- Fix old Linux platforms that have SYS_clock_gettime but not CLOCK_MONOTONIC

- Update curve25519-donna implementation to current version
   2018-07-04 15:40:45 by Jonathan Perkin | Files touched by this commit (423)
Log message:
*: Move SUBST_STAGE from post-patch to pre-configure

Performing substitutions during post-patch breaks tools such as mkpatches,
making it very difficult to regenerate correct patches after making changes,
and often leading to substituted string replacements being committed.
   2017-11-09 20:00:25 by Soren Jacobsen | Files touched by this commit (2) | Package updated
Log message:
dropbear: update to 2017.75

- Security: Fix double-free in server TCP listener cleanup
  A double-free in the server could be triggered by an authenticated
  user if dropbear is running with -a (Allow connections to forwarded
  ports from any host)
  This could potentially allow arbitrary code execution as root by an
  authenticated user.  Affects versions 2013.56 to 2016.74. Thanks to
  Mark Shepard for reporting the crash.
  CVE-2017-9078 https://secure.ucc.asn.au/hg/dropbear/rev/c8114a48837c

- Security: Fix information disclosure with ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
  symlink.  Dropbear parsed authorized_keys as root, even if it were
  a symlink. The fix is to switch to user permissions when opening

  A user could symlink their ~/.ssh/authorized_keys to a root-owned
  file they couldn't normally read. If they managed to get that file
  to contain valid authorized_keys with command= options it might be
  possible to read other contents of that file.
  This information disclosure is to an already authenticated user.
  Thanks to Jann Horn of Google Project Zero for reporting this.
  CVE-2017-9079 https://secure.ucc.asn.au/hg/dropbear/rev/0d889b068123

- Generate hostkeys with dropbearkey atomically and flush to disk with
  fsync. Thanks to Andrei Gherzan for a patch.

- Fix out of tree builds with bundled libtom
  Thanks to Henrik Nordström and Peter Krefting for patches.
   2017-09-23 22:14:57 by Sebastian Wiedenroth | Files touched by this commit (1)
Log message:
dropbear: fix build on SunOS

Link network libs