./wip/py-cython-blis, Blis linear algebra routines as a self-contained Python C-extension

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Branch: CURRENT, Version: v0.7.0nb1, Package name: cython-blis-v0.7.0nb1, Maintainer: lntl

# Cython BLIS: Fast BLAS-like operations from Python and Cython,
without the tears

This repository provides the [Blis linear
algebra](https://github.com/flame/blis) routines as a self-contained
Python C-extension.

Currently, we only supports single-threaded execution, as this is
actually best for our workloads (ML inference).

[![Azure
Pipelines](https://img.shields.io/azure-devops/build/explosion-ai/public/6/master.svg?logo=azure-pipelines&style=flat-square)](https://dev.azure.com/explosion-ai/public/_build?definitionId=6)
[![pypi
Version](https://img.shields.io/pypi/v/blis.svg?style=flat-square&logo=pypi&logoColor=white)](https://pypi.python.org/pypi/blis)
[![conda](https://img.shields.io/conda/vn/conda-forge/cython-blis.svg?style=flat-square&logo=conda-forge&logoColor=white)](https://anaconda.org/conda-forge/cython-blis)
[![Python
wheels](https://img.shields.io/badge/wheels-%E2%9C%93-4c1.svg?longCache=true&style=flat-square&logo=python&logoColor=white)](https://github.com/explosion/wheelwright/releases)

## Installation

You can install the package via pip, first making sure that `pip`,
`setuptools`, and `wheel` are up-to-date:

```bash pip install -U pip setuptools wheel pip install blis ```

Wheels should be available, so installation should be fast. If you
want to install from source and you're on Windows, you'll need to
install LLVM.

### Building BLIS for alternative architectures

The provided wheels should work on x86_64 architectures. Unfortunately
we do not currently know a way to provide different wheels for
alternative architectures, and we cannot provide a single binary
that works everywhere. So if the wheel doesn't work for your CPU,
you'll need to specify source distribution, and tell Blis your CPU
architecture using the `BLIS_ARCH` environment variable.

#### a) Installing with generic arch support

```bash BLIS_ARCH="generic" pip install spacy --no-binary blis ```

#### b) Building specific support

In order to compile Blis, `cython-blis` bundles makefile scripts
for specific architectures, that are compiled by running the Blis
build system and logging the commands. We do not yet have logs for
every architecture, as there are some architectures we have not
had access to.

[See here](https://github.com/flame/blis/blob/0.5.1/config_registry)
for list of architectures. For example, here's how to build support
for the ARM architecture `cortexa57`:

```bash git clone https://github.com/explosion/cython-blis && cd
cython-blis git pull && git submodule init && git submodule update
&& git submodule status python3 -m venv env3.6 source env3.6/bin/activate
pip install -r requirements.txt
./bin/generate-make-jsonl linux cortexa57
BLIS_ARCH="cortexa57" python setup.py build_ext --inplace
BLIS_ARCH="cortexa57" python setup.py bdist_wheel ```

Fingers crossed, this will build you a wheel that supports your
platform. You could then [submit a
PR](https://github.com/explosion/cython-blis/pulls) with the
`blis/_src/make/linux-cortexa57.jsonl` and
`blis/_src/include/linux-cortexa57/blis.h` files so that you can
run:

```bash BLIS_ARCH=cortexa57 pip install --no-binary=blis ```

## Usage

Two APIs are provided: a high-level Python API, and direct
[Cython](http://cython.org) access, which provides fused-type,
nogil Cython bindings to the underlying Blis linear algebra library.
Fused types are a simple template mechanism, allowing just a touch
of compile-time generic programming:

```python cimport blis.cy A = <float*>calloc(nN * nI, sizeof(float))
B = <float*>calloc(nO * nI, sizeof(float)) C = <float*>calloc(nr_b0
* nr_b1, sizeof(float)) blis.cy.gemm(blis.cy.NO_TRANSPOSE,
blis.cy.NO_TRANSPOSE,
nO, nI, nN, 1.0, A, nI, 1, B, nO, 1, 1.0, C, nO, 1)
```

Bindings have been added as we've needed them. Please submit pull
requests if the library is missing some functions you require.

## Development

To build the source package, you should run the following command:

```bash
./bin/update-vendored-source
```

This populates the `blis/_src` folder for the various architectures,
using the `flame-blis` submodule.

## Updating the build files

In order to compile the Blis sources, we use jsonl files that
provide the explicit compiler flags. We build these jsonl files by
running Blis's build system, and then converting the log. This
avoids us having to replicate the build system within Python: we
just use the jsonl to make a bunch of subprocess calls. To support
a new OS/architecture combination, we have to provide the jsonl
file and the header.

### Linux

The Linux build files need to be produced from within the manylinux1
docker container, so that they will be compatible with the wheel
building process.

First, install docker. Then do the following to start the container:

sudo docker run -it quay.io/pypa/manylinux1_x86_64:latest

Once within the container, the following commands should check out
the repo and build the jsonl files for the generic arch:

mkdir /usr/local/repos cd /usr/local/repos git clone
https://github.com/explosion/cython-blis && cd cython-blis git
pull && git submodule init && git submodule update && git
submodule status /opt/python/cp36-cp36m/bin/python -m venv
env3.6 source env3.6/bin/activate pip install -r requirements.txt
./bin/generate-make-jsonl linux generic --export
BLIS_ARCH=generic python setup.py build_ext --inplace # N.B.:
don't copy to /tmp, docker cp doesn't work from there. cp
blis/_src/include/linux-generic/blis.h /linux-generic-blis.h
cp blis/_src/make/linux-generic.jsonl /

Then from a new terminal, retrieve the two files we need out of
the container:

sudo docker ps -l # Get the container ID # When I'm in Vagrant,
I need to go via cat -- but then I end up with dummy # lines
at the top and bottom. Sigh. If you don't have that problem
and # sudo docker cp just works, just copy the file. sudo
docker cp aa9d42588791:/linux-generic-blis.h - | cat >
linux-generic-blis.h sudo docker cp aa9d42588791:/linux-generic.jsonl
- | cat > linux-generic.jsonl



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